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42 Cards in this Set

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Weight Control Agents(Appetite Suppressants)

used-to manage obesity


work-by suppressing appetite center in CNS

Weight Control Agents(Lipase Inhibitors)

used-to manage obesity

work-by inhibiting action of lipase to decrease absorption of dietary fats


Vasopressors

used-to treat severe allergic reactions and cardiac arrest


work-by increasing blood pressure and cardiac output and by dilating bronchi

Urinary tract-antipasmodics

used-to treat overactive bladder contractions


work-by inhibiting contractions

Thyroid Preparations(Thyroid Hormones)

used-as replacement or substitute therapy for diminished or absent thyroid functioning of many causes


work-by inhibiting thyroid hormone synthesis, reducing basal metabolic rate



Thyroid Preparations(Antithyroid Agents)

used-to treat hyperthyroidism

work-by inhibiting thyroid hormone synthesis, reducing basal metabolic rate


thrombolytic agents

used-for acute management of coronary thrombosis(myocardio infarction)


work-by dissolving existing clots

Smoking deterrents

used-to manage nicotine withdraw to cease cigarette smoking


work-by providing nicotine during controlled withdrawal from cigarette smoking

sedatives and hypnotics

used-for short term treatment of insomnia


work-by promoting sleep by CNS depression

platelet inhibitors

used-to reduce incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke

Otic Preparations(analgesics)

used-to treat ear conditions


work-by relieving ear pain

Otic Preparations(Antiinfectives)

used-to treat ear conditions


work-by treating otitis externa

Otic Preparations(Cerumenolytics)

used-to treat ear conditions


work-by softening cerumen

Ophthalmic Antiinfectives

used-to treat eye infections


work-by destroying bacteria

Muscle Relaxants(skeletal)

used-to treat acute painful musculoskeletal conditions


work-by relaxing skeletal muscles

Lipid-lowering agents

used-to lower cholesterol to reduce risk of myocardial infarction and stroke


work-by inhibiting enzyme needed to synthesize cholesterol in body

laxatives

used-to relieve constipation


work-by promoting defecation of normal, soft stool



immunosuppressants

used-to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis and to prevent and treat rejection of transplanted organs


work-by inhibiting body's normal immune response

immunizations

use-to prevent(vaccine-preventable) diseases


work-by stimulating body to produce antibodies

hormone replacements

used-to treat moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms of menopause


work-by restoring hormonal balance

expectorants

used-to manage coughs by expelling mucus


work-by decreasing viscosity of bronchial secretions to promote clearance of mucus from respiratory tract

emetics

used-to treat poisoning


work-by inducing vomiting

electrolyte replacements

used-to treat or prevent electrolyte depletion


work-by replacing electrolytes in body

diuretics

used-to manage hypertension, edema in congestive heart failure, and renal disease

decongestants

used-to decrease nasal congestion


work-by producing vasoconstrition in respiratory tract mucosa

contraceptives(hormonal)

used-to prevent pregnancy and to regulate menstrual cycle


work- by inhibiting ovulation

Corticosteroids(systemic corticosteroids)

used-to treat inflammation, allergies, asthma, autoimmune disorders and as replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency


work-by suppressing inflammation and modifying normal immune response

Corticosteroids(Nasal Corticosteroids)

used-to treat chronic nasal inflammatory conditions


work-by suppressing inflammation and reducing hypersecretions or respiratory tract

CNS stimulants

used-to treat narcolepsy and manage attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder


work-by increasing level of catecholamines in CNS

Cardiac Glycosides

used-to treat congestive heart failure and cardiac arrhythmias


work-by increasing strength and force of myocardial contractions and slowing heart rate

Bronchodialators

used-to manage reversible airway obstruction caused by asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease


work-by relaxing smooth muscle of respiratory tract resulting in bronchodialtion

bone resorption inhibitors

used-to treat and prevent osteoporosis


work-by inhibiting resorption of bone

antivirals

used-to manage herpes infections


work-by inhibiting viral replication

antiulcers

used-to manage ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease, heartburn, indigestion, and gastric hyperacidity


work-by preventing accumulation of acid in stomach

antitussives

used-in prevention or relief of coughs caused by minor viral upper respiratory infections or inhaled irritants


work-by suppressing cough reflex by direct effect on cough center in CNS

antituberculars

used-to treat tuberculosis


work-by killing or inhibiting growth of mycobacteria

antispasmodics

used-to control hypermotility in irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colitis, spastic bladder, and pylorospasm


work-by preventing or relieving spasms of gastrointestinal or genitourinary tract

antiretrovirals

used-to manage HIV infections and to reduce maternal-fetal transmissions of HIV


work-by inhibiting replication of retroviruses

antipsychotics

used-to treat psychotic disorders

work-by blocking dopamine and serotonin receptors in CNS


antiprotozoals

used-to treat protozoal infections


work-by destroying protozoa

anti-Parkinson agents

used-to treat symptoms of Parkinson disease


work-by restoring balance between acetylcholine and dopamine in CNS

antineoplastics

used-to treat tumors


work-by preventing development, growth, or proliferation of malignant cells