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31 Cards in this Set

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analgesics(opioid)


used- to manage moderate to severe pain


work- by altering perception of and response to painful stimuli

analgesics(barbiturate)


used- to manage moderate to severe pain of tension headaches


work- by relieving pain and relaxing muscle contactions


analgesics(antipyretics)


used- to manage mild to moderate pain and reduce fever


work- by relieving pain and reducing fever


anesthetics(local)

used-to produce local anesthesia through loss of feeling to a body part.

antacids


used- to treat heartburn, hyperacidity, indigestion, an gastroesophageal reflux disease and promote healing of ulcers


work- by neutralizing gastric acid to relieve gastric pain and irritation.

anti-Alzheimer agents


used-to treat mild to moderate dementia associated with Alzheimer disease


work-by elevating acetylcholine concentration in the cerebral cortex

antianemics-Iron Supplments


used- to prevent or cure iron deficiency anemia


work- by increasing amt. of iron in body

antianemics-Vitamin B12 injections


used-to treat pernicious anemia


work-by increasing amt. of vitamin B12 in body

antianemics-Folic Acid Supplements


used-to promote normal fetal development


work-by stimulating production of RBC's, WBC's & platelets.


antianginals


used-to relieve or prevent angina attacks


work-by increasing blood supply to myocardial tissue


antianxiety agents


used-to treat anxiety


work- at many levels in central nervous system to produce anxiolytic(anxiety relieving) effect

anticholinergics


used-to decrease preoperatively oral and respiratory secretions


work- by blocking effects o acetylcholine in autonomic nervous system

anticoagulants


used-to prevent and treat venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction by preventing clot extension and formation


work- by delaying or preventing blood coagulation

anticonvulsants


used-to prevent o relieve seizures


work- by decreasing incidence and severity of seizures


antidepressants


used- to prevent, cure, or alleviate depression and to treat anxiety disorders and obsessive-convulsive disorder


work-by inhibiting reuptake of neurotransmitters in the CNS




antidiabetics-Oral Hypoglycemics


used- to manage non-insulin dependent type 2 diabetes mellitus


work-by stimulating release of insulin from pancreas and increasing sensitivity to insulin

antidiabetics-Insulins


used- to manage diabetes mellitus


work-by reducing blood glucose levels


antidiarrheals


used-to control and relieve diarrhea


work-b inhibiting peristalsis, reducing fecal volume and preventing loss of fluids and elecrolytes


antidysrhythmics


used-to control or prevent cardiac dysrhythmias


work-by decreasing myocardial excitability and slowing conduction velocity


antiemetics


used-to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting


work- by depressing chemoreceptor trigger zone in CNS to inhibit nausea and vomiting

antiflatulents


used-to relieve discomfort of excess gas and bloating in GI Tract


work-by causing coalescence of gas bubbles in intestinal tract

antifungals


used-to treat fungal infections


work-by killing or inhibiting growth or susceptible fungi


antigout Agents


used-to prevent attacks of gout


work-by inhibiting production of uric acid


anthelmintics


used-to treat worm infections


work-by destroying worms


antihistamines


used-to relieve symptoms associated with allergies


work-by blocking effects of histamine at histamine receptor sites


antihypertensives


used-to manage hypertension


work-by causing systemic vasodilation to reduce blood pressure

antiimpotence Agents


used-to treat erectile dysfunction


work-by promoting increased blood flow to penis


antiinfectives


used-to treat infections


work-by killing or inhibiting growth of bacteria


antiinflammatory Agents


used-to relieve signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis in adults


work-by deceasing pain and inflammation

antimanics


used-to treat bipolar affective disorders


work-by altering cation transport in nerves and muscles

antimigraines


used-in acute treatment of migraine attacks


work-by causing vasoconstriction in large intracranial arteries