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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Name: Forum of Augustus
Date: 20 – 2 BC
Place: Rome
Significance:
• Dedicated to Mars (who dealt with manhood and manliness, in addition to war and foreign affairs)
• Axial teleological symmetry – porticoes, hemicycles, etc.
• Boys may have come here to receive their first toga of manhood
• Might’ve been where Senate received Roman embassies
Name: Forum of Augustus
Date: 20 – 2 BC
Place: Rome
Significance:
• Dedicated to Mars (who dealt with manhood and manliness, in addition to war and foreign affairs)
• Axial teleological symmetry – porticoes, hemicycles, etc.
• Boys may have come here to receive their first toga of manhood
• Might’ve been where Senate received Roman embassies
Name: Forum of Augustus
Date: 20 – 2 BC
Place: Rome
Significance:
• Dedicated to Mars (who dealt with manhood and manliness, in addition to war and foreign affairs)
• Axial teleological symmetry – porticoes, hemicycles, etc.
• Boys may have come here to receive their first toga of manhood
• Might’ve been where Senate received Roman embassies
Name: Forum of Augustus
Date: 20 – 2 BC
Place: Rome
Significance:
• Dedicated to Mars (who dealt with manhood and manliness, in addition to war and foreign affairs)
• Axial teleological symmetry – porticoes, hemicycles, etc.
• Boys may have come here to receive their first toga of manhood
• Might’ve been where Senate received Roman embassies
Name: Forum of Augustus
Date: 20 – 2 BC
Place: Rome
Significance:
• Dedicated to Mars (who dealt with manhood and manliness, in addition to war and foreign affairs)
• Axial teleological symmetry – porticoes, hemicycles, etc.
• Boys may have come here to receive their first toga of manhood
• Might’ve been where Senate received Roman embassies
Name: Forum of Augustus
Date: 20 – 2 BC
Place: Rome
Significance:
• Dedicated to Mars (who dealt with manhood and manliness, in addition to war and foreign affairs)
• Axial teleological symmetry – porticoes, hemicycles, etc.
• Boys may have come here to receive their first toga of manhood
• Might’ve been where Senate received Roman embassies
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Ara Pacis
Date : 13 – 9 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• Commissioned to celebrate victories at Gaul and Hispania and to celebrate peace
• Sculptures are Roman (not idealized and Greek)
Name: Augustus with Gaius and Lucius
Date: early 1st century AD
Place: Corinth
Significance:
• Possibly heroic nudity
• Gaius and Lucius look strikingly similar to Augustus, to demonstrate association to him
Name: Augustus with Gaius and Lucius
Date: early 1st century AD
Place: Corinth
Significance:
• Possibly heroic nudity
• Gaius and Lucius look strikingly similar to Augustus, to demonstrate association to him
Name: Potraits of Livia, Augustus, and Tiberius
Date: early 1st century AD
Place: Arsinoe, Egypt
Significance: Tiberius is Augustus’ adopted heir, and he looks like Augustus to indicate family relationships and continuity
• Gaius and Lucius look strikingly similar to Augustus, to demonstrate association to him
Name: Potraits of Livia, Augustus, and Tiberius
Date: early 1st century AD
Place: Arsinoe, Egypt
Significance: Tiberius is Augustus’ adopted heir, and he looks like Augustus to indicate family relationships and continuity
Name: Mausoleum of Augustus
Date: 28 – 23 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• May have been based on tomb of Alexander the Great
• Location of the original Res Gestae, a 1st- person documentation of Augustus’ life
Name: Mausoleum of Augustus
Date: 28 – 23 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• May have been based on tomb of Alexander the Great
• Location of the original Res Gestae, a 1st- person documentation of Augustus’ life
Name: Mausoleum of Augustus
Date: 28 – 23 BC
Place: Campus Martius, Rome
Significance:
• May have been based on tomb of Alexander the Great
• Location of the original Res Gestae, a 1st- person documentation of Augustus’ life
Name: The Boscoreale Treasure
Date: 1st Century BC – 1st Century AD
Place: Boscoreale
Significance:
• These kinds of objects, we rarely find from the ancient world
- Because they have to survive (a lot is melted down)
• Why was it in an agricultural villa? Could represent an assembly of items that the owner threw into the room before he fled
- Could also have been a looter; could be an ancient looter or a more modern day looter?
Name: The Boscoreale Treasure
Date: 1st Century BC – 1st Century AD
Place: Boscoreale
Significance:
• These kinds of objects, we rarely find from the ancient world
- Because they have to survive (a lot is melted down)
• Why was it in an agricultural villa? Could represent an assembly of items that the owner threw into the room before he fled
- Could also have been a looter; could be an ancient looter or a more modern day looter?
Name: Reliefs from the lararium of the House of L. Caecilius Iucundus
Date: 62 – 70 AD
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Shows the effects of the AD 62 earthquake
Name: Reliefs from the lararium of the House of L. Caecilius Iucundus
Date: 62 – 70 AD
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Shows the effects of the AD 62 earthquake
Name: Vesuvius in a painting from the lararium, House of the Centenary
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Pompeii
Significance: earliest known representation of Vesuvius
Name: Alba Fucens
Date: 303 BC
Place: Alba Fucens
Significance:
• At the border of the territory of the Aequi and the Marsi
• Polygonal masonry: only used in Italy from 5th – 3rd century BC
• Could be used as a warning signal or a place for a Roman general to resupply
• Was a transhumance route through the mountains
Name: Alba Fucens
Date: 303 BC
Place: Alba Fucens
Significance:
• At the border of the territory of the Aequi and the Marsi
• Polygonal masonry: only used in Italy from 5th – 3rd century BC
• Could be used as a warning signal or a place for a Roman general to resupply
• Was a transhumance route through the mountains
Name: Alba Fucens
Date: 303 BC
Place: Alba Fucens
Significance:
• At the border of the territory of the Aequi and the Marsi
• Polygonal masonry: only used in Italy from 5th – 3rd century BC
• Could be used as a warning signal or a place for a Roman general to resupply
• Was a transhumance route through the mountains
Name: Alba Fucens
Date: 303 BC
Place: Alba Fucens
Significance:
• At the border of the territory of the Aequi and the Marsi
• Polygonal masonry: only used in Italy from 5th – 3rd century BC
• Could be used as a warning signal or a place for a Roman general to resupply
• Was a transhumance route through the mountains
Name: Alba Fucens
Date: 303 BC
Place: Alba Fucens
Significance:
• At the border of the territory of the Aequi and the Marsi
• Polygonal masonry: only used in Italy from 5th – 3rd century BC
• Could be used as a warning signal or a place for a Roman general to resupply
• Was a transhumance route through the mountains
Name: Aosta
Date: 24 BC
Place: Aosta
Significance:
• Last military colony established in Italy
• Example of a fully developed castrum-style plan
Name: Aosta
Date: 24 BC
Place: Aosta
Significance:
• Last military colony established in Italy
• Example of a fully developed castrum-style plan
Name: Ostia
Date: 7th Century BC – 6th Century AD
Place: Ostia
Significance:
• Founded as a veterans’ colony
• Ostia is the closest harbor to Rome
• Founded to protect the river bound and control access to Rome and between Tiber and sea
• Ostia stands near the salt marshes, so it controls part of the salt trade
• Follows a typical castrum plan
Name: Ostia
Date: 7th Century BC – 6th Century AD
Place: Ostia
Significance:
• Founded as a veterans’ colony
• Ostia is the closest harbor to Rome
• Founded to protect the river bound and control access to Rome and between Tiber and sea
• Ostia stands near the salt marshes, so it controls part of the salt trade
• Follows a typical castrum plan
Name: Ostia
Date: 7th Century BC – 6th Century AD
Place: Ostia
Significance:
• Founded as a veterans’ colony
• Ostia is the closest harbor to Rome
• Founded to protect the river bound and control access to Rome and between Tiber and sea
• Ostia stands near the salt marshes, so it controls part of the salt trade
• Follows a typical castrum plan
Name: Ostia
Date: 7th Century BC – 6th Century AD
Place: Ostia
Significance:
• Founded as a veterans’ colony
• Ostia is the closest harbor to Rome
• Founded to protect the river bound and control access to Rome and between Tiber and sea
• Ostia stands near the salt marshes, so it controls part of the salt trade
• Follows a typical castrum plan
Name: Ostia
Date: 7th Century BC – 6th Century AD
Place: Ostia
Significance:
• Founded as a veterans’ colony
• Ostia is the closest harbor to Rome
• Founded to protect the river bound and control access to Rome and between Tiber and sea
• Ostia stands near the salt marshes, so it controls part of the salt trade
• Follows a typical castrum plan
Name: Ostia
Date: 7th Century BC – 6th Century AD
Place: Ostia
Significance:
• Founded as a veterans’ colony
• Ostia is the closest harbor to Rome
• Founded to protect the river bound and control access to Rome and between Tiber and sea
• Ostia stands near the salt marshes, so it controls part of the salt trade
• Follows a typical castrum plan
Name: Alexander Mosaic
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Shows us what Greek art might’ve looked like
• Potentially shows that the owner liked Greek things, that there were Greek tastes in a Campanian town
• Shows battle of Alexander and Darius and the battle of Issus
Name: Amphitheater
Date: 80 BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Oldest theater in Italy
• Built by Roman colonists, and they imposed Roman hallmarks/styles
Name: Atrium in the House of Sallust
Date: 2nd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• 1st style, because it shows replicated expensive stones and emphasis on flatness; demonstrated wealth
• Believed to be a replica of types of wall painting that was going on in the Greek world
Name: Cubiculum M
Date: 40 – 30 BC
Place: villa at Boscoreale
Significance:
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space, illusion of looking though wall into something behind it
Name: Cubiculum M
Date: 40 – 30 BC
Place: villa at Boscoreale
Significance:
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space, illusion of looking though wall into something behind it
Name: House of the Faun
Date: 2nd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Mixed elements: Latin, Greek, and Samnite inside the house
• Demonstrates the house is used to display wealth and culture
Name: House of the Faun
Date: 2nd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Mixed elements: Latin, Greek, and Samnite inside the house
• Demonstrates the house is used to display wealth and culture
Name: House of the Faun
Date: 2nd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Mixed elements: Latin, Greek, and Samnite inside the house
• Demonstrates the house is used to display wealth and culture
Name: House of the Faun
Date: 2nd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Mixed elements: Latin, Greek, and Samnite inside the house
• Demonstrates the house is used to display wealth and culture
Name: House of the Faun
Date: 2nd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Mixed elements: Latin, Greek, and Samnite inside the house
• Demonstrates the house is used to display wealth and culture
Name: House of the Mosaic Atrium
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Herculaneum
Significance:
• Shows that real houses do not follow an ideal plan
• Shows the Roman tendency to allow guests to see through the entire house from entrance (to show wealth)
Name: House of the Mosaic Atrium
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Herculaneum
Significance:
• Shows that real houses do not follow an ideal plan
• Shows the Roman tendency to allow guests to see through the entire house from entrance (to show wealth)
Name: House of the Surgeon
Date: 3rd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Surgical tools found inside, shows what kind of medical technology was available at the time
• Things are named after what is found inside
• Shows that there was a lack of privacy in Roman society
Name: House of the Surgeon
Date: 3rd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Surgical tools found inside, shows what kind of medical technology was available at the time
• Things are named after what is found inside
• Shows that there was a lack of privacy in Roman society
Name: House of the Surgeon
Date: 3rd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Surgical tools found inside, shows what kind of medical technology was available at the time
• Things are named after what is found inside
• Shows that there was a lack of privacy in Roman society
Name: House of the Surgeon
Date: 3rd Century BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Surgical tools found inside, shows what kind of medical technology was available at the time
• Things are named after what is found inside
• Shows that there was a lack of privacy in Roman society
Name: Ixion Room
Date: 62 – 79 AD
Place: House of the Vettii, Pompeii
Significance:
• 4th style, so combination of 2nd and 3rd style; illusionism, but tiny intricate details as well
Name: megalographic painting, Oecus H
Date: 40 – 30 BC
Place: Oplontis
Significance:
• One interpretation of the painting is that they’re showing famous depictions of Macedonian royal family
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space, illusion of looking though wall into something behind it
Name: Oecus (room 15)
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Villa at Oplontis
Significance:
• Like the wall is being dissolved
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space
Name: megalographic painting, Oecus H
Date: 40 – 30 BC
Place: Boscoreale
Significance:
• One interpretation of the painting is that they’re showing famous depictions of Macedonian royal family
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space, illusion of looking though wall into something behind it
Name: megalographic painting, Oecus H
Date: 40 – 30 BC
Place: Boscoreale
Significance:
• One interpretation of the painting is that they’re showing famous depictions of Macedonian royal family
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space, illusion of looking though wall into something behind it
Name: Room of the Landscapes
Date: after AD 64
Place: Nero’s Domus Aurea, Rome
Significance:
• 4th style, so combination of 2nd and 3rd style; illusionism, but tiny intricate details as well
• Doesn’t make architectural sense
Names: Stabian Baths
Date: 80 BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Colonists changed the circuit of rooms; added things that were Roman styles instead of Greek or Italic style
• Showed that baths, in Roman times, was a place for other activities like working out
Names: Stabian Baths
Date: 80 BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Colonists changed the circuit of rooms; added things that were Roman styles instead of Greek or Italic style
• Showed that baths, in Roman times, was a place for other activities like working out
Names: Stabian Baths
Date: 80 BC
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Colonists changed the circuit of rooms; added things that were Roman styles instead of Greek or Italic style
• Showed that baths, in Roman times, was a place for other activities like working out
Name: Black Room
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Boscotrecase
Significance:
• 3rd style, so instead of illusionism, the wall is made to be pretext for the viewer: ornamented wall with tiny details and scenes, making viewers walk closer in order to see more clearly
Name: Black Room
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Boscotrecase
Significance:
• 3rd style, so instead of illusionism, the wall is made to be pretext for the viewer: ornamented wall with tiny details and scenes, making viewers walk closer in order to see more clearly
Name: Black Room
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Boscotrecase
Significance:
• 3rd style, so instead of illusionism, the wall is made to be pretext for the viewer: ornamented wall with tiny details and scenes, making viewers walk closer in order to see more clearly
Name: Red Room
Date: 1st Century AD
Place: Villa at Boscotrecase
Significance:
• 3rd style, so instead of illusionism, the wall is made to be pretext for the viewer: ornamented wall with tiny details and scenes, making viewers walk closer in order to see more clearly
Names: Tombs (Porta Nocera Necropolis)
Date: 80 BC – 79 AD
Place: Pompeii
Significance:
• Colonists had a direct effect on burial practices
• These tombs become the way everyone is buried, not just Romans
Name: Triclinium (room 14)
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Villa at Oplontis
Significance:
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space; illusion of looking through wall at something behind it
• Problems with perspective in the painting
Name: Triclinium (room 14)
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Villa at Oplontis
Significance:
• 2nd style, so it plays with depth and space; illusion of looking through wall at something behind it
• Problems with perspective in the painting
Name: Villa at Oplontis
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Oplontis
Significance:
• Location of many 2nd Style frescoes
Name: Villa at Oplontis
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Oplontis
Significance:
• Location of many 2nd Style frescoes
Name: Villa at Oplontis
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Oplontis
Significance:
• Location of many 2nd Style frescoes
Name: Villa of P. Fannius Synistor
Date: 1st Century BC
Place: Boscoreale
Significance: