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37 Cards in this Set

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  • Back

Oracle Bones

Inscriptions c. 1200 BC onwards - earliest sign of writing

Lady Hao

Shang dynasty wife, unusual role of military general and high priestess

Sanxingdui

Archaeological site and previous bronze age culture

Analects

Collection of philosophical ideas + sayings attributed to Confucius and his contemporaries.Believed to be written by followers

Mandate of Heaven (Tiānmìng)

Granted the emperors the right to rule based on their ability to govern well & fairly

Qin Shihuang

First emperor of Qin dynasty - conquered all warring states and united China in 221 BC


Unified currency etc


Terra Cotta Warriors - protect afterlife

Emperor Han Wudi

Ruled over 50 years


Vast territorial exp


Dev of strong centralised state


Prom of Confucian doctrines

The imperial academy

Highest institution of learning in China's traditional education system

Silk road

Begun during Han dynasty


Primarily trade route (w West) but also facilitated spread of culture

Mawangdui

Archaeological site located in Changsha China


Contained tombs of 3 ppl from Western Han dynasty

Sima Qian

Chinese historian of Han dynasty


Considered the father of Chinese historiography


for Records of the Grand Historian


Castrated

Thunder-Sound Cave

early 7th c.


Buddhist library


4 pillars of Cave bear 1000 buddhas

Dunhuang Caves

Important monastic centre along Silk Road

Xuanzang

Chinese Buddhist Monk, scholar, traveller + translator who described interaction between China and India in early Tang

17 year journey

Wu Zetian

Zhou dynasty emperor


Only empress in 4 millenia


State support for taoism, buddhism, and literature



Li Bo


Du fu


Bai Juyi

Famous Tang dynasty poets - golden age of China's literature


Took classical Chinese poetry to its peak

Jingdezhen

Jiangzi province in Ppl's Republic of China - China's porcelain capital

Four great inventions

Printing press, papermaking, gunpowder, compass

Literati

Civil servants appointed by the emperor of China to perform day-to-day governance from after the Han dynasty to the end of the Qing dynasty in 1912

Li Qingzhao

Chinese poet of the Song dynasty


China's most famous poet

Zhu Xi

Song dynasty Confucian scholar who was the leading figure of the School of Principle and the most influential rationalist of Neo-Confucian China


Assigned special significance to analects

Neo-confucianism

Attempt to create a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious/ mystical elements of taoism and buddhism that had influenced Confucianism during and after the Han dynasty

Chinggis Khan

Founder of Mongol Empire, reigned in early 13th Century

Kublai Khan

Founded Yuan dynasty in 1721, division of Mongol Empire

Marco Polo

First Euro explorer to leave a detailed chronicle of his travels

Matteo Ricci

Italian jesuit priest and founding figure of Jesuit China missions

Zheng He

Commanded Voyages to Asia, Middle East and Africa

Formosa

Taiwan

Songstan Gampo

Founder of Tibetan Empire, credited with the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet

Dalai Lama

Monk of the Tibetan school of Buddhism, 14th Dalai Lama Nobel Peace Prize 1989

Manchus

None Chinese people who invaded in 17th Century, establishing the Qing dynasty, China's last.

Qianlong Emperor

Manchurian, Fourth Qing Emperor, Abdicated in favour of Son so as not to rule longer than grandfather

Opium War

Mid 19th C. Fought between China and Britain over conflicting viewpoints on diplomatic relations and trade.


Treaty of Nanking - first of unequal treaties. Ceded HongKong

New Youth

Influential early 20th C Chinese magazine that played an important role in initiating the new culture movement and spreading the influence of the May 4th Movement

May Fourth Movement

Anti-imperialist, cultural, and political movement growing out of student demonstrations in Beijing on May 4, 1919, protesting govt's weak response to treaty of Versailles

Sun Yat Sen

Founding father of republic of China, christian, pivotal role in bringing down Qing

Mao Zedong

Communist revolutionary and founding father of the People's Republic of China