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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Describe Mary Ainsworth's patterns of attachment
1. Secure attachment: children welcome contact with parent and uses relationship as secure base from which he can take off and explore world
2. Anxious/resistant attachment: created by parents who are inconsistent. Unsure if parents will be available when needed. Conflict.
3. Anxious/avoidant attachment: Ignores or avoids caregivers. Makes little protest when separated "goes to anyone"- close relationship effortlessly.
John Locke believed children were born with Tabula Rasa (blank slate). Please describe why this was an important discovery.
- until then, children were viewed as mini-adults
- burn with evil
- locke believed parents could tutor kids and mold them, forerunner for child rearing- boundaries/limits/expectations
- don't reward with candy and toys, but praise and approval
This theorist was a student of Stanley Hall and utilized Darwin's Theory of Evolution. We still use his work today with the "Schedule of Infant Development" milestones
Arnold Gessell
This affective behaviorist placed an importance on play. He believed it helped children explore their world and gave them an opportunity to try out behaviors they would otherwise not be able to experience?
Robert Sears
Early Learning 0-16 months
secondary behavioral system- 18m-6yrs
secondary motivational system 7-13 yrs
Vygosky developed the Social Cultural Theory. Please describe.
-Cognitive development is a socially mediated process
-children acquire thinking and behaving through community culture through cooperative dialogue
-language develops as children communicate with others
-continuous growth in cognition and behavior may vary from culture to culture