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10 Cards in this Set

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why is pre-conceptual care important?

1. it is important for a couple wanting to have a baby because it can help to produce healthy sperm and ova


2. provides healthy environment for the foetus


3. increases chances of conceiving

environmental factors to consider?

contraception


smoking


contact with animals


disaeses and infections


duiet and weight


alcohol and drugs

weight

too underweight- effects periods and ferility


too overweight- affects fertility and can lead to problems in pregnancy eg) high blood pressure

what to eat and avoid?

folic acid- in food or tablet formit helps prevent spina bifida and other neural tube defectd




caffiene- high levels of caffience can lead to low birth weight or even miscarriage





what is the effects of alcohol in pregnancy?

increases the risk of:


miscarriage


still birth


mental retardation


retarded growth


damages cns


alcohol addiction

what is the effects of smoking?

it increases the risk of:


misscarriage and still birth


premature birth


low birth weight


foetus abnormalities


poor growth and learning difficulties

sti's

1. caused by viruses and infections


2. bacterial infections are curable but viral infection are not

what do genetic counsellors investigate?

1. blood rlationship betwen parents


2. previous miscarriages


3. family history of genetic disorders


4. if either partner belongs to an ethnic group in which genetic disorders occur frequently

what is fertillity

being able to concieve/produce offspring

reasons for infertility?

male- blockage of vas deferens, very low sperm count, poor diet, testicular cancer




female- ovarian cancer, age, fibroids, damaged fallopian tubes