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64 Cards in this Set

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Describe the Anatomic Position

Patient Stands facing you.


Arms at the side, with palm of the hands forward.

Which left or right do you use?

The patients left or right.

Name four planes of the body

Coronal


Transverse


Sagittal


Midsaggital (Midline)

The abdomen is divided into four quadrants, name them.

Right upper quadrant


Left upper quadrant


Right lower quadrant


Left lower quadrant

The skeletal system is divided into two main portions: Name them

Axial Skeleton


Appendicular Skeleton

Name the functions of the following support structures:

Name the functions of the following support structures:

Ligament

Connects bone to bone

Tendon

Connects muscle to bone

Cartilage

Cushion between bones

The axial skeleton is composed of?

The skull


Face


Thoracic Cage


Vertebral column

What make up the appendicular skeleton?

The arms, legs and their connection points


The Pelvis

The Heart, Lungs, and great vessels are enclosed in the?

Thorax




(Wich is part of the Torso)

How many bones does the skeleton have?

206

The skull is composed of two groups of bones, Name them?

The Cranium


(Wich protects the brain)




The Facial Bones





What is the opening called at the base of the skull where the brain is connected to the spinal cord?

Foramen Magnum

Name the four major bones that make up the cranium?

Occiput


Temporal Regions


Parietal regions


Frontal Region



Of how many bones are the face composed of?

14 Bones

What is the upper non movable jawbone called?

Maxillae

What is the cheek bones called?

Zygomas

What is the lower, movable portion of the jaw called?

Mandible

What is the eye socket called?

Orbit

Of how many bones is the spinal column composed of?

33 Bones

What is each bone called of the spinal column?

vertebrae

The spinal column is divided into five sections. Name them?

Cervical Spine


Thoracic Spine


Lumbar Spine


Sacrum


Coccyx

Give the medial name for chest?

Thoracic Cavity

What does the Thoracic Cavity contain?

The heart, lungs, esophagus, and great vessels (Aorta and two venae cavae)

The shoulder girdle is where three bones come together, allowing the arm to be moved, Name them

Clavicle, Scapula, and the humerus

How many bones are in the wrist?

8

What are the 8 bones in the wrist called?

Carpal bones

The bones composed of the fingers are called?

Phalanges

The pelvis consists of three bones called?

The Sacrum and the two pelvic bones

Each pelvic bone is formed by the fusion of three separate bones. What are they called?

Ilium, Ischium, and the pubis

The part where the lower leg connects is called the?

Acetabulum

What is the medical name for chin bone?

Tibia

How many bones does the foot contain?

7

What are the 7 bones called in the foot?

Tarsal bones

The skeletal system is responsible for several functions. What is the most notable functions?

Gives the body shape


Provide protection of fragile organs


Allow for movement

The respiratory system consists of all the structures of the body that contribute to respiration, or the process of breathing. It includes the?

Nose


Mouth


Throat


Larynx


Trachea


Bronchi


Bronchioles

The upper airway includes the?

Nose


Mouth


Tongue


Jaw


Oral cavity


Larynx


Pharynx

Protecting the opening of the trachea is a thin, leaf-shaped valve called the?

Epiglottis

Name all the muscles involved in breathing?

Diaphragm


Intercostal muscles


Abdominal muscles


Pectoral Muscles

What is the function of the respiratory system?

To provide the body with oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide.

Define "Ventilation"?

The simple movement of air between the lungs and the environment.

Define "Respiration"

The process of gas exchange.

Define "Diffusion"

A process in which molecules move from an area with a higher concentration of molecules to an area of lower concentration

Exhaled air contains how many percent of oxygen?

16%

What controls breathing?

The brain stem

What is the lung capacity of the adult male?

6,000mL

Define "Tidal Volume"

Amount of air that is moved into or out of the lungs during a single breath.

Define "Redidual Volume"

Gas that remains in the lungs simply to keep the lungs open.

Define "Minute volume"

Amount of air that moves in and out of the lungs in 1 minute

An adult who is not breathing well will appear to be working hard to breathe. This type of breathing pattern is called?

Labored breathing

What is the normal respiration of an adult?

12 to 20 breaths/min

Give me signs that a person is not breathing normally?

Muscle retractions above the clavicles, between the ribs, and below the rib cage, especially in children




Pale or cyanotic skin




Cool, damp skin




Patient sitting in Tripod Position

What are the two circuits in the body?

Systemic circulation in the body




Pulmonary circulation in the lungs

What is the normal adult heart beat?

60 to 100 beats/min

How many blood is ejected by each beat of the heart of an adult?

70 to 80ml

Define "Stroke Volume"

Amount of blood moved in one beat.

Define "Cardiac Output"

Amount of blood moved in one minute

What is the duty of the spleen

To filter blood

What is blood composed of

Plasma


Red blood cells


White blood cells


Platelets

What is perfusion?

Is the circulation of blood in an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cell's current needs.

The nervous system is composed of two major structures: Name them

The brain and the spinal cord

What does the mouth consists of?

Lips


Cheeks


Gums


Teeth


Tongue