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39 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


the formal withdrawal of a state from the Union

Popular Sovereignty

the right to vote for or against slavery

Underground railroad

The system f escape routes used by fugitive slaves

Harriet Tubman

Former slave who was a famous conductor of the underground railroad

Harriet Beecher Stowe

Publisher of uncle tom's cabin and abolitionist

Franklin Pierce

Democratic candidate, anti-abolitionist, and the 14th president of the United states

Dred Scott

A slave whose owner took him from the slave state of Missouri to free territory in Illinois and Wisconsin and back to Missouri. Scott appealed to the Supreme Court for his freedom on the grounds that living in a free state-- Illinois-- and a free territory--Wisconsin -- had made him a free man

Stephen Douglas

Well known tow-term senator and Democratic incumbent who faced Abraham Lincoln in the 1858 race for the U.S senate. Also known as the little giant

Abraham Lincoln

16th president of the United States


The Southern secessionist, also called the Confederate states of America

Jefferson Davis

Former Senator and Mississippian who was elected as the confederacy's president

Fort Sumter

A southern fort that was fought over which rallied the north and made more southern states secede

Bull Run

A battle 25 miles away from Washington DC which marked the first bloodshed of the civil war and where general Thomas J. Jackson coined the name "Stonewall Jackson"

Stonewall Jackson

Confederate general Thomas J. Jackson, who died of his wounds by accidental friendly fire

Ulysses S. Grant

a brave and decisive U.S military commander who became the 18th president of the United States

Robert E. Lee

Confederate general who surrendered in Appmattox


A fight between McClellan and Robert E. Lee's troops, which resulted in the bloodiest battle of American history. Mclellan pushed the soldiers back, but did not pursue, which caused him to be removed from command

Emancipation Proclamation

A document by Abraham Lincoln that made the Declaration that all slaves in confederate states were henceforth considered free


A draft that forced man to serve in the army

Clara Barton

Union army nurse and founder of the American Red Cross

Income tax

a tax that takes a specified percentage of an individual's income


A battle in Gettysburg in which the Union States pushed back confederate forces and Robert E. Lee's goal to invade the Northern states

Gettysburg Address

A speech by Abraham Lincoln that "remade America" (by making the states more of a nation) and asserted that we could not let the soldiers that perished at Gettysburg die in vain


A battle in which the confederates surrendered one of their two remaining strongholds on the Mississippi river

William Tecusmseh Sherman

Commander of the military division of the Mississippi who also commanded the Sherman's march in which Sherman began his march southeast through Georgia to the sea, creating a wide path of destruction and imposing himself on confederate forces

Appomattox Court House

A place in Virginia where Lee and Gran met at to arrange a Confederate surrender

Thirteenth Amendment

Ratified in 1865. "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States

John Wilkes Booth

A 26 year old actor and Southern sympathizer who assassinated Abraham Lincoln


the period during which the United States began to rebuild after the Civil War

Radical Republicans

Republicans who wanted to destroy the political power of former slaveholders

Andrew Johnson

Abraham Lincoln's successor after he was assassinated who vetoed a multitude of radical Republican bills until he was impeached

Fourteenth Amendment

Directly went against the Dred Scott case. Prevents states from denying rights and privileges to any U.S citizen, now defined as "all persons born or naturalized in the United States"

Fifteenth Amendment

No one can be kept from voting because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude


White Southerners who joined the Republican Party


were Northerners who moved to the South after the war

Hiram Revels

the first African American Senator


landowners dividing their land and assigning each head of household a few acres, along with seed and tools. In return, sharecroppers kept a small share of their crops and gave the rest to the landowners

Ku Klux Klan

Southern "vigilante" group who opposed reconstruction. Their goals were to destroy the Republican Party, to throw out the Reconstruction governments, to aid the planter class, and to prevent African Americans from exercising their political rights

Freedmen's Bureau

Government organization established by Congress which supported reconstruction by providing food, clothing, hospitals, legal protection, and education for former slaves and poor whites in the south