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23 Cards in this Set

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Thurgood Marshall

Was an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, serving from October 1967 until October 1991. He was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice.

Brown V. Board of Education

1954 Case in which supreme court ruled that "separate but equal" education for black and white students was unconstitutional.



Rosa Parks

Was an African-American Civil Rights activist, whom the United States Congress called "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement". Was arrested for not giving up her seat in a bus.

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. From Atlanta Georgia, gave "I Have A Dream" speech.

Southern Christian Leadership Conference

Organization formed in 1957 by MLK to work for civil rights via non-violence.

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

Organization formed in 1960 to coordinate sit-ins and other protests and to give young blacks a larger role in civil rights movement.

Sit in

Form of demonstration used by african americans to protest discrimination, in which the protesters sit down in a segregated business and refuse o leave until they are serve.

Freedom rider

One of the civil rights activists who rode buses through the South in the early 1960's to challenge segregation.

James Meredith

American civil rights movement figure, writer, political adviser, and air force vet.

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Law that banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin, or religion in public places and most workplaces.

Freedom summer

1964 project to register African american voters in Mississippi.

Robert moses

Educator and civil rights activist, leader of student nonviolent coordinating committee on voter education/registration in Mississippi.

Fannie Lou Hamer

American voting rights activist, civil rights leader, and philanthropist, organized freedom summer.

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Law that made it easier for african americans to register to vote by eliminating discriminatory literacy tests and authorizing federal examiners to enroll voters derived at the local level.

De facto segregation

Racial separation established by practice and custom, not by law.

de jure segregation

Racial separation established by law.

Malcom X

American Muslim Minister, and human rights activist. Usually was more violent and militant than MLK Jr.

Nation of Islam

Religious group, popularly known as the black muslims, founded by Elijah Muhammed, to promote black separatism and the islamic religion.

Stokely Carmichael

From Trinidad, was an American revolutionary active in the 60's civil rights movement.

Black Power

A slogan first used in the 40s and revived by Stokely Carmichael in the 60s that encouraged African American pride and political and social leadership.

Black Panthers

A militant African American political organization formed in 66' by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale to fight Police Brutality to provide assistance in the ghettos.

Kerner Commission

Group appointed by Pres. Johnson to study causes of 65' Watts uprising and that recommended the elimination of de facto segregation in American society.

Civil Rights Act of 1968

Law that banned discrimination in housing.