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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


Studies the structure of body parts and their relationship to one another.


The function of the body, how the body parts work.


Study of the cells of the body.


The study of tissues.

Regional anatomy

All structures in a particular region of the body.

Systemic anatomy

Body structure is studied system by system.

Principle of complementary of structure and function

Function always reflects steucture.

Levels of structural organization

Chemical, cellular, tissue,organ, organ system, and organisms levels.

Chemical level

Atoms combine to create molecules.

Cellular level

Smallest units of living things. All cells share common functions.

Tissue level

Groups of similar cells that have a common function.

Organ level

Extremely complex functions in the body become possible.

Organ system level

Organs work together to accomplish a common purpose.

Organismal level

The sum total of all structural levels working together to keep us alive.

What are the necessary life functions

Maintain boundaries, move, respond to environmental changes, digest nutrients, carry out metabolism, dispose of waste, reproduce and grow.

Human body's survival needs

Nutrients, oxygen, water, body temperature, and appropriate atmospheric pressure.

Dorsal cavity


Vertebral-spinal cord

Thoracic cavity

Lungs and heart

Abdominal cavity

Digestive organs

Pelvic cavity

Urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum.

Ventral cavity

Contains the thoracic and andominopelvic cavities.