Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Reference points

mark where the surface of the head changes. Finding balance within the design so that both sides of the haircut turnout the same.

Occipital bone

The bone that protrudes at the base of the scull.

Four corners

Located in one of two ways. One is bypassing home flat against the side and back, then locating the back corner at the point where the two Colmes me. The location of the four corners, for example, signals a change in the shape of the head from flat around and vice versa.


Area between the apex in the back of the parietal ridge.


Area at the back part of the neck and consists of the hair below the occipital bone.

Bang area

Also known as fringe area. A triangular section that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners.


Is the space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point.

Horizontal lines

These are parallel to the horizon of the floor. They build weight. Low elevation.

Vertical lines

Are usually described in terms of up and down and are perpendicular to the floor vertical lines remove wait to create graduated or layered haircuts. They are used with higher elevation.


Also known as projection or lifting it's an angle or a degree at which a subsection of hair is held or elevated. Elevation creates graduation of layers and is usually described in degrees.


For control during haircutting, the hair is parted into uniform working areas called sections.


Each section it may be divided into smaller parties called subsections.

Part or parting

The line dividing the hair at the scalp, separating one section of hair from another, creating some sections.

Cutting line

The angle at which the fingers are held when cutting the line that creates the and shake. Also known as putting position, cutting angle, finger angle, and finger position.


Also known as guide, is a section of hair that determines the length of the hair will be.

Traveling guideline

Also known as movable guidelines, moves as the haircut progresses.

Over direction

Occurs when you call my hair away from its natural falling position.

Client consultation

A consultation is a conversation between you and your client when you find out what the client is looking for, offer suggestions and professional advice, and come to a joint decision about the most suitable haircut.


The hair that grows at the outermost permitter along the face, around the ears, and on the neck.

Growth pattern

The direction in which the hair grows.

Hair density

The number of individual hair strands on one square inch of scalp. It is usually described as thin, medium, or thick.

Hair texture

Based on the thickness or diameter of each strand, usually classified as course, medium, fine.

Wave pattern

The wave pattern, or the amount of movement in the hair strand, berries from client to client as well as within the same head of hair.

Fine, thin hair texture

Limp, needs weight.

Notching sheers

Designed to remove my hair, with larger teeth set farther apart.

Wide tooth comb.

Mainly used to take O'Hare. The Y to come is rarely used when performing haircut.

Tail comb

Mainly used to section and subsection the hair.

Barber comb

Mainly used for close tapers on the Nate and sides when using the scissor over home technique. The narrow end of the comb allows the shoes to get very close to the head.

Know how the sheer was manufactured

Remember that forged shears are higher quality than cast shears.

Ask about the steel quality

Be sure that you know the quality of steel that this year is made from and the Rockwell hardness. You will want at least 440 – a steel or higher.

Decide on the right blade edge

A full convex edge will give you the smooth cut and is the sharpest edge possible.

Decide on the best handle design for you

Sears will have one of three types of handle grips, and you will need to decide which one is best for you.

Palming the shears

Remove your thumb from the thumb Grant, leaving your ring and little fingers in the grip and finger rest. Crawl your fingers in to Palm at the shears, which keeps them closed while you comb and part the hair. It reduces strain on index finger and thumb.


Minimum tension should be used around the ears and on the hairline with a strong growth patterns

Position the client

Make sure that your client is sitting up straight and her legs are not crossed.

Center your weight

When working, keep your body weight centered and firm.

Cutting palm – to – palm

When cutting with a vertical or diagonal, cutting palm to palm is best way to maintain control.

Blunt haircut

Also known as one length haircut. Also known as Bob, one length, one level, pageboy, or bowl haircut.

Weight line

A visual line in the haircut, where the ends of my hair hang together.

Layered haircut

A graduated effect achieved by cutting my hair with elevation or over direction.

Long layered haircut

The hair is cut at a 180° angle

Slide cutting

A method of cutting or thinning hair in which the fingers and shears glide along the edge of the hair to remove length. It is useful for removing length, blending shorter length to longer length, and texturizing.


The process of removing excess bulk without shortening the length.

Point cutting

A technique performed on the ends of the hair using the tips, or points, of the shears.


Also known as effilating is the process of getting my hair she graduated links with shears.


A technique that removes bulk and adds movement through the length of the hair. When slicing, twist the section of the hair to be cut and never completely close the scissors.


Come in different shapes and sizes. They can be used with or without attachments. Trimmers are also called edgers, are usually cordless, smaller sized clippers. They are mainly used to clean the neckline and around the ears.

Clipper over comb

A Technique allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp and create a flat top or a square base.