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41 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


Glorifying war and preparing for it

triple alliance

Military agreement between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

Kaiser Wilhelm II

Emperor of Germany

Triple Entente

Military agreement among Britain, France, and Russia

Schlieffen Plan

Germany’s plan for winning the war on two fronts


Great Britain, France, Russia, and other nations who fought on their side

Central Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and other nations who fought on their side

trench warfare

Fighting from trenches dug in the battlefield

Western Front

Region of northern France where much fighting took place

Eastern Front

Region along German-Russian border where much fighting took place

unrestricted submarine warfare

Using submarines to sink any ship without warning

total war

War in which countries use all their resources for the war


Control of the amounts and kinds of goods people can have


One-sided information designed to persuade


Agreement to stop fighting

Woodrow Wilson

President who proposed the Fourteen Points and represented theUnited States at Versailles

Georges Clemenceau

France’s premier and delegate at Versailles

Fourteen Points

Plan for a just and lasting peace


Allowing people to decide for themselves about what kind ofgovernment they want

Treaty of Versailles

Agreement at the end of World War I between Germany and theAllied Powers

League of Nations

International group with the goal of keeping peace among nations

What was the immediate cause of WWI?

assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

What were the long-term causes of WWI?

Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism

U.S. President during WWI

Woodrow Wilson

British Prime Minister during WWI

David Lloyd George

True or False: The United States joined WWI in 1914.


What country switched from Central Powers to Allies after declaring war on Austria-Hungary?


What country was forced to drop out of WWI because of the revolution in their country?


What terrorist group did Serbian assassin Gavrilo Princip belong to?

Black Hand

True or False: The deadliest area of WWI was the Western Front because of trench warfare.


True or False: Germans believed the war would be over in a few weeks, months at the most.


The area between the trenches was called?

no man’s land

What are some new weapons used in WWI?

tanks, poison gas, submarines, machine guns, fighter planes

What ship did German U-boats sink that killed 128 Americans?


When did WWI officially end with an armistice?

November 18, 1918

True or False: The United States supported the Treaty of Versailles and joined the League of Nations.


True or False: Women took the place of men in factories, offices, shops, and on farms when the men went to war.


The “Big Four” at the Paris Peace Conference were:

Woodrow Wilson (U.S.), Georges Clemenceau (France), David Lloyd George (Britain), Vittorio Orlando (Italy)

What did Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles do?

war-guilt clause; forced Germany to accept responsibility for starting WWI

True or False: Germany and the defeated countries were allowed to attend the Paris Peace Conference.


How did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany?

reduced military, cut air force and subs, prohibited them from making or importing weapons, forced to give up territory, accept responsibility for starting WWI, forced to pay reparations