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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vincent De Paul
(1681-1660) innovative founder of religious orders
Daughters of Charity
Louise De Marillac took several women into her home, formed a community, and established the religious order called hte Daughters of Charity
John Baptist de La Salle, poor children, education
A priest of the cathedral of Reims, France. Brother of Christian schools
The Enlightenment
The age of reason
Empiricists and religious revelation
David Hume- used philospphy to try to prove that God could not exist
Galileo's Discovery
the earth travels around the sun not sun around the earth
2 scientists and compatibility
Sir Issac Newton and Galileo Galilee
Vested interest
only the religious people and scientific people who fought
New discoveries and religious ideas of creation
Galileo and sun and people began believing in science rather than religion
Denial of God
individuals were capable of directing their own destiny
Jean-Jacques Rousseau on consent
held that society should be based on as genuine social contract by which persons voluntarily surrender some of their individual freedoms in order to gain political liberty and the right to govern themselves as a society
Attempt by French to invade Papal States
French Revolution
Revolution as antichurch
A national assembly passed reforms that radicalls curtailed te churchs power and wealth as well as its authority over bishops and clergy
French Revolution and priests
Along with all the aristocrats, priests who refused to pledge their support to the revolution were declared disloyal. Around 40 thousand priests were hounded into exile.
The Gunpowder Plot and supporters who suffred as result of
an attempt by catholic fanatics to blow up the king and parliament was uncovered in 1605, the monarchys reaction was swifr and brutal some catholics were executed
"safe houses"
Catholics who stayed and wanted to avoid execution were forced to take on oath renouncing the pope to keep the faith alive catholic priests were smuggled back into England to minister to Catholics But even "safe houses" equipped with hiding places could not protect some of these priests from being discoverd, tortured, and executed
30 yrs War
by 1648, the bloody 30 yrs war gougt over religion and territorial control in Europe, had swept back and fourth across the continent leaving dead 6 million from 16 million
Religious intolerance
A the 1600s came to an end, harsh acts by government officials against dissenting religions declined, but restrictive laws stayed on the looks
French Calvinists
In this 17th period of religious strife, both Protestants and Catholics commonly launched campaigns to accuse and persecute supposes witches, or persons thought to be the "devil's servants"
John Locke
British empiricists, tried to show that some christian teaching were correct only because they could be proven by human experience
David Hume
empiricist; used their philosphy to try to prove that God could not exist
were secretive bands of deists, believed in doing good workd out of purely human motives
Louise De Marillac
True, outstanding church figure who dedicated her life to serving the poor
French Revolution and symbols/ holidays
They implimented a new calendar that removed all christian feasts days; declaved a new religion, with belief in one supreme being; one dogma, or doctrine (the immorality of the soul); and one moral principle (to do one's duty)
Giuseppe Garibaldi
For centuries Italy had been divided into small domains, called duchies, ruled by rial families. Finally a movement for a united Italy gained momentum. An army with Giuseppe Garbaldi at its head began uniting the peninsula
Spanish Republics and Pope
the church in Spain was suppressed and some prieste were ececuted the republics closed seminaries and confiscated church property. hte pope was looked upon more as a foreign ruler than a spiritual leader
Pope Leo XIII and modern social justice teachings
His teachings told working and poor people that they did not have to turn to Marxism for justice, that the catholic church was on their side
the universe was regulated completely and reasonably by universal natural laws that could be explained by science
Caatholics were devisively labled for their loyalty to one pope
The rationalist philosophers who believed on a God that was distant and removed from the world
A philosophy related to rationalism that also challenged religion.
Religious nationalism
that the French church rule itself throught its own king-appointed bishops, instead of obeying the pope
one other revolutionary development of the 19th century was the theory of evelution, formulated by the English scientists Charles Darwin.
The exclusion of religious meaning or considerations from the affairs of life, was also beginning to take hold in peoples mind and hearts
the means of production and distribution-land, factories, railroads, mines
an unequal system, where owners exploit the masses for their labor. class struggle was inevitable and would bring avout a classless society
A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.