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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three steps of a primary survey?
# Airway
# Breathing
# Circulation
When is CPR necessary and how is it done?
CPR stands for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. It is required when the victim has no pulse and no breathing. It is performed by compressing the chest 15 times followed by 2 slow breaths. This 15:2 ratio of compressions and breathing is done 4 times before stopping to reassess the victim.
How does a first aid provider treat an unconscious victim with an obstructed airway?
Kneeling, straddling the victim's thighs, the first aid provider places one hand on top of the other just above the victim's navel and gives up to 5 abdominal thrusts. These thrusts are done in an effort to force the diaphragm up, in turn forcing any obstructions out of the airway. After thrusts are completed, a blind finger sweep of the mouth is done to remove any dislodged obstructions and a breath is attempted.
What are the common signs and symptoms of a conscious victim with a completely blocked airway?
An inability to speak, cough, and breathe in the airway
What are the three steps used to control bleeding in an injured victim?
# Direct pressure
# Elevation
# Pressure points
What steps are included in shallow wound care?
# Clean with soap and water
# Remove any foreign matter
# Apply OTC antibiotic ointment
# Apply sterile dressing
What is the proper positioning for a nosebleed victim?
Sitting upright with the head tilted forward
What should be done for someone who has ingested a poison or other harmful substance?
# Call 911 if unresponsive.
# Perform a primary survey and treat the ABCs as appropriate.
# Place the victim on his or her left side.
# Determine critical information.
# Call Poison Control for instructions.
A big concern with insect bites and stings is the potential for the development of a severe allergic reaction. What are some common signs and symptoms of a victim with a severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis?
# Generalized flushed skin
# Hives
# Swelling in the tongue and mouth
# Abdominal cramping
# Difficulty breathing
What is recommended in the care of a victim of a pit viper snake bite?
# Calm the victim and keep him or her quiet.
# Wash the area of the bite with soap and water.
# Seek medical attention for antivenin.
# In certain situations, use the Extractor if available.
What are characteristics of the three main types of thermal burns?

* Redness
* Pain
* Swelling

Partial thickness:

* Redness
* Blisters
* Weeping fluid
* Pain

Full thickness:

* White or black
* No blisters
* Dry
* No pain
What are the main differences between heat exhaustion and heatstroke?
Heat Exhaustion
Normal body temperature
Heavy sweating
Alert, oriented

High body temperature
No sweating
Altered level of responsiveness
After recognizing the signs of a possible heart attack in progress, what should be done?
1. Call 911.
2. Calm the victim.
3. Position the victim in a comfortable upright position.
When providing care for a victim of frostbite, is it appropriate to massage areas affected by frostbite to increase circulation?
No. Massaging such areas can damage the tissue.
What is the key to providing appropriate care to a victim of mild hypothermia?
Do not interfere with shivering in the victim. Shivering is the body's natural way to increase body temperature.
What is the RICE principle?
R= Rest; do not use the affected part

I= Ice; apply for about 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours for up to 48 hours

C= Compression; use elastic roller bandages

E= Elevation; keep the affected part at or above heart level