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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What system involves the following aging changes; increased heart weight, valvular sclerosis, decreased oxygen uptake by tissues?
Cardiovascular System
What system involves the following aging changes; Thorax and vertebrae rigid, decreased muscle strength and endurance, increased airway reactivity?
Respiratory System
What system involves the following aging changes; Reduced bladder elasricity, muscle tone, capacity, weakeneed urinary sphincter, decreased kidney weight, bloodflow?
Genitourinary System
What system involves the CNS, decrease in neurons, brain size, neurotransmitters, slowed nerve impulse condition?
Nervous ystem and Cognition
Malnutrition refers to both________ and ___________.
Undernutrition and Overnutrition
What determines how much energy we use each day?
Basal Metabolic Rate
An older adult needs to take in____________________ calories per kilogram of normal" body weight.
Older adults need supplements of_______________,___________, and __________________.
calcium, Vitamin D, and Vitamin B12
What is the most common fluid problem in older people?
What are some commons signs of dehydration?
Less urine outut, low-grade fevers, constipation, dry gums, and possibly confusion
________________ is used to estimate body size and nutritional status.
Body Mass Index
A loss of skeletal muscle mass that is related to age is called_________________.
What is Dysphagia?
Difficulty swallowing
What is the most common cause of oral dysphagia?
What is the most common cause of pharyngeal dysphagia?
How are oral and pharyngeal dysphagia diagnosed?
Full bedside evaluation and Videofluoroscopic
What are some indicators of dysphagia during the oral stage?
Leakage of water when cup drinking, Difficulty placing food in the mouth, Taking a long time to chew, Spits out food as unable to chew
What are some indicators of dysphagia during the pharyngeal stage?
Need to take smaller bite sizes, complaints of food getting stuck, coughing or throat clearing before, during or after a swallow, gurgly voice quality voice quality after a swallow
What are some indicators of dysphagia during the oesophageal stage?
Finding liquids easier to swallow compre to harder foods, Complaints of food getting stuck in the throat or along the oesophagus
What are the 2 broad categories of Presbyphagia(dysphagia in the elderly)?
Primary Presbyphagia
Secondary Presbyphagia
As we age, our senses become less__________, and we have trouble distinguishing details.
___________is the progressive decline in cognitive function due to damage or disease in the brain beyond what might be expected from normal aging.
Dementia affects the following area___________,____________,___________, and __________.
Memory, Attention, Language, Problem solving
Muscle weakness is called_________________ (neuromuscular disease).
Myasthenia Gravis
Unusual enlargement of the tongue is called____________.