Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

what is a myocardial infarction

heart attack

cerebrovascular accident

stroke

what is atherosclerosis?

plaque builds up


decrease vessel diameter


decrease blood flow

how does plaque develop?

damage to endothelial cells

what damages endothelial cells?

high blood pressure


substances in tobacco smoke


bacterial/viral infections

how does a heart attack occur?

oxygen supply is less than oxygen demanded


heart tissue suffocates


heart tissue dies

what is angina?

chest pain signaling a heart attack

early signs of a heart attack

chest pain


pain in left arm

how does a stroke occur?

decrease blood flow in cerebral artery


brain tissue suffocates


brain cells die

what is congestive heart failure?

heart fails to pump efficiently


can cause congestion in the lungs

what causes congestive heart failure?

high blood pressure


heart attack


atherosclerosis


birth defects

what is normal blood pressure range?

120/80

what is high blood pressure?

140/90

complications of hypertension

atherosclerosis


heart attack


stroke


heart failure

reducing the risk of hypertension

quit smoking


lose weight


exercise


manage stress

what is a thrombus

stationary blockage in blood vessels

what is an embolism

a floating clot in blood vessels

what is an aneurysm

ballooned outward section in blood vessel

what is a hemorrhage

rupture in blood vessel

what is a c reactive protein?

blood marker of inflammation

CRP is a better predictor of CVD risk than

elevated LDL

risks from cigarettes

increase LDL


decrease HDL


increases free radical production


increases platelet stickiness

what factors increase LDL

saturated fats


dietary cholesterol


smoking

what factors decrease LDL

soluble fiber


monosunsaturated fats


soy protein


phytochemicals

testing for disease

EKG


stress test


CT scan

coronary bypass sugery

saphenous vein bypasses plaque

stent

wiring to give support/expand artery