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22 Cards in this Set

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3 layers of the skin
epidermis, dermis, hypodermis
3 types of burns
superficial, partial, full thickness
Superficial Burns
Involves only the epidermis
Superficial burns caused by
flashes, hot liquid or the sun
Apperance of superficial burns
pink to red, dry, pain at site of tendernes, NO BLISTERS
Why are superficial burns very painfull
pain receptors in the dermis are still intact
Partial Thickness burns
2nd degree, involves epidermis and parts of the dermis
What causes Partial thickness burns
Contact with fire, hot liquids or objects, chemical substance, or the sun
Is there pain with partial thickness
yes
2 types of partial thickness burns
superficial and deep
Superficial Partial Thickness
thin walled blissters, skin is pink and moist, skin soft and tender to touch
Deep partial thickness burn
Thick walled blisters that rupture, skin is red and blanced white
Full thickness burns
involves all layers of the skin
Describe full thickness burns
dry, hard, tough, and leathery(eschar)
Why are full thicknes burns not very painfull
nerve endings are destroyed
After removing patient from source of fire, what is your next step
stop the burning using water or saline, but dont immerse
How to treat dry chemical substance
Brush away before flushing with water
If part of patients clothing is stuck to skins, how do u remove clothing
Cut around portion that is stuck
What kind of dressing to use in burn emergency
dry sterile dressing
Treat for hypothermia
keep patient warm
Rule of nines for infant
head chest posterior trunk = 18%

upper extremities= 9% each

lower extremeities- 14 % each
Rule of nines for adult
Head and neck= 9%

Postertior trunk = 18%

Anterior trunk = 18 %

Each upper extremity = 9 %

each lower extremity = 18 %