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68 Cards in this Set

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Male gametophyte stage of gymnosperm
pollen grain
Cone in which gymnosperm produced in female gametophyte
seed cone
Structure found in pairs near the base of each scale on a seed cone
ovule
Male cone that produces male gametophytes
pollen cone
Contains two haploid sperm cells
Pollen tube
Encloses the bud before it opens and protects the developing flower
sepals
brightly colored part of a flower that attracts insects
petal
produces pollen grains
anther
innermost floral part that produces the female gametophytes
carpel
flower structure containing one or more ovules
ovary
as it grows the seedling is nourished by
endosperm
when a corn seedling germinates its cotyledon
remains underground
the outer layer of the seed is called
the seed coat
an ovary containing angiosperms seed may ripen into
a fruit
An embryo is alive but not growing during its period Of
dormancy
A single plant can reproduce many offspring genetically identical to itself in the process of
Vegetative reproduction
The process in which stems cut from a parent plant are attached to another plant is called
grafting
The process in which lateral buds cut from a parent plant are attached to another plant is called
Budding
Where does gymnosperm reproduction take place
pollen and seed cones
The three principal organs of seed plants are
Roots, stem, and leaves
The three type of plant tissues systems are
Meristematic dermal and vascular
Two cell types that make up xylem
tracheids and vessel elements
Two cell types of makeup for phloem
sieve tubes and companion cells
seive tube elements and companion cells are all parts of what
Vascular tissue
along a stem leaves and buds are separated by regions of a stem called
internode
In a dicot stem parenchyma cells inside the ring of vascular tissue are known as
vascular bundles
Primary growth increases what
The length of the stem
the increase of width of the stem is what type of growth
secondary
The older xylem near the center of a woody stem is
Heartwood
Dicots tend to have a thick primary root called
taproot
A mature root has a central cylinder of
Vascular tissue
The outside layer of a mature root consists of
Epidermal cells
The type of tissue in a plant root that separates the central cylinder and the outside layer of cells
Ground tissue
The outer layer of a root is
Epidermis
The tip of the root is protected by
root cap
The innermost part of the root is called
The stele or vascular cylinder
The surface area for absorption is tremendously increased by the presence of
Root hair
Branch roots grow from the
Root hair zone
Two types of protective tissue are
Cork and epidermis
Water and minerals are conducted up from the roots to the rest of the plant by the
xylem
Food and other dissolved substances are conducted throughout the plant by the
Phloem
Where does cell division take place in the root
Root cap
What makes up the cortex
xylem and phloem
Annual plants survive for
One year
Perennials survive for
More than two years
The difference between monocots and dicots
Monocots are angiosperms with parellel viens whose seed have one cotyledon dicots have branched veins and seeds have to cytoledon
Angiosperms have a what seed
enclosed
gymnosperms have
a naked seed
What produces new xylem and phloem
Meristematic tissue
Cells that divide to increase length of the stem and roots
apical stems
cells that increase the plant in width
lateral meristem
Where is the photosynthetic tissue of a leaf
mesophyll
root
leaf
1 anther
2 filament
3 stigma
4 style
5 ovary
type of cell specialized to conduct water
trachied
underground stem
rhizome
underground organ that exchanges water and .minerals with the environment
root
tissue specialized to conduct water and nutrients
vascular tissue
photosynthetic organ that contains one or more bundles of vascular tissue
leaf
tissue that carries water upward from the roots to other parts of the plant
xylem
supporting structure that connects roots and leaves of a plant
stem
vascular tissue gathered in leaves
vein
coal consists of fossilized remains of
club mosses
an increase In the size of the fruit is stimulated by
gibberelinns
the group of cells that is located at the petiole and seals off the leaf off from the vascular system In preparation for winter dormacy
abscission layer
the desert plant the cactus is also known as
xerophyte
a plant that grows directly on the body of another but still produces its own food
epiphyte