Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/39

Click to flip

39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

hephaisteion

mid 5th century bc


classical


marble doric temple


peristyle 6 x 13


pronaos, cella, opisthdodomos


best preserved, model for doric

odeion of perikles

mid 440s (5th century) bc


classical


roofed concert hall


used for music competitions in panathenaic festival, law court, cavalry marshal, lecture hall


modeled after xerxes (persian) tent

border forts

classical?

phyle, eleutherai, aigosthena, dema wall, dekeleia

fortified areas for land army during peloponnesian wars


ship sheds, peiraieus

classical


sloping ramps perpendicular to shore


deep slot for ship keel


unfluted columns holding up roof


pulled by animals?


lykourgos

arsenal of philon, peiraieus

classical


storeroom for tackle, ropes, sails


400 ft x 55 ft x 30 ft


philon is architect


lykourgos

monument of the eponymous heroes

classical


3/4 of 4th c bce


long base carrying statues of 10 heroes


(antiochos, ajax, leos, erechtheus, aigeus, oineus, akamas, kekrops, pandion)


public notice board outside metroon and bouleuterion

sanctuary of asklepios


(asklepion)

classical


cult founded in peloponnesian war (plague)


son of apollo and koronis


healing deity


into acropolis, "healing" spring


snake pit?

theatre of dionysus

classical


lykourgos


15k spectators, stone seats


drain


religious major

sacred way

aka panathenaic way


procession line


central vein of athens

telesterion

eleusis


hall of mysteries


limestone, curvilinear joins


archaic, early 6th c bc

sanctuary of artemis

brauron


doric, limestone (marble trim)


classical 425


central colonnades, 2 flank col.


dining rooms


childbirth statues


has nearby bridge

temple of nemesis

rhamnous


classical


doric marble


peripteral 6 x 13


430s, 420s


unfluted, unfinished


statue

temple of athena

sounion


classical/archaic


ionic, adjacent colonnades 10 x 12


odd layout

temple of poseidon

sounion


classical 440s


doric, marble 6 x 13


boar hunt, gigantomachy, centauromachy


pronaos, lots of inscriptions (byron)

doric stoa, thorikos

classical (periklean)


2nd half 5th c bc


peristyle 7 x 14


gaps halfway thru on long sides, lengthwise wall


local marble


probably religious, but unfinished so dk

silver mines

thorikos has rectangular theatre and burial sites


laureion also a thing apparently

marble quaries

mt penteli


easy to work, degrades easily


metamorphized limestone


white w grey veins (graphite)


stepped quarries = gravity


1 block = 2 months

lysikrates monument

classical


on street of tripods


choregos


small cylindrical corinthian, has tripod trophy


sculpture of dionysos

kerameikos

street of the tombs


leading out of city on west


display funerary monuments

south square

honestly idek

tower of the winds

aka horologion (timepiece)


pentelic marble


14 m high


sculpted representations of the 8 winds


each figure has attribute abt that weather

temple of olympian zeus (olympeion)

104 columns


continued by hadrian (hellenistic)


enormous

stoa of eumenes

south slopes of acropolis to house ppl in panathenaic festival and dionysus stuff


retaining wall


2 stories double colonnade (doric, ionic; ionic pergamene)


hellenistic

stoa of attalos

ease side of agora, market building


doric ionic, ionic pergamene


shops inside, like a mall


not much has changed except technology

propylon of claudius appius pulcher

eleusis at sanctuary


many gifts, shows roman generosity to important cultural markers of greece


corinthian capitals, doric frieze with symbols in it


dedicatory inscriptions in latin and greek

temple of roma and augustus

little circular thing outside parthenon


monopteral around cella


dedicated as octavian


on acropolis, showing importance

odeion of agrippa

agrippa = son in law and general of augustus


roofed orchestra and seating


dominated agora (made roman agora new center of commerce and old agora as cultural center of athens)

temple of ares

wandering temple


roman


in agora

roman agora (market of caesar and augustus)

ionic peristyle court, unfluted


doric propylon on west


ionic propylon on east, facing rest of agora


fountain somewhere


also latrine outside it

philopappos monumuent

grave of philopappos


trajanic (roman)


on mouseion hill


consul in rome, descendant of kings of commagene, benefactor of athens (and citizen)


curved marble facade


the niches represent the aspects of his life

library of pantainos

roman


south of stoa of attalos


3 colonnades, shops, central courtyard


shows how athens was becoming primarily grounds for philosophy and schooling

arch of hadrian

roman (obviously)


corinthian


west inscription- theseus


east inscription- hadrian


border bn old and new athens


probs by people bc no titles

library of hadrian

100 columns


north of roman agora


peristyle court pentelic marble


resembles imperial fora of rome


apses for books, central fountain

greater propylaia, eleusis

replica of the acropolis propylaia


some statues of roman emperors


linking greek throughout, via roman benefactions

panathenaic stadium

lykourgos, herodes


new seating, temple of tyche nearby


bridge and arches


ship shed for panathenaic ship

odeion of herodes atticus

south slopes of acropolis


memory of dead wife


cedar wood roof


roman


5k seating


needed bigger building bc odeion of agrippa much smaller

post-herulian wall

enclose acropolis, roman agora (not library of hadrian)


old greek agora no longer center of athens


2 walls w rubble fill


late roman

tetraconch

built in the center of the library of hadrian


late roman


has 4 apses


church in shape of cross w rounded tops

little metropolitan

church


spolia