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90 Cards in this Set

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1840 presidential election

First election where people started to campaign

more than 80% of white men voted

54th massachusetts

The regiment was one of the first official African-American units in the United States during the Civil War.

Aaron Burr

served as vice president under jefferson. Mortaly wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south.


The goal of the abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation.

Alexander Hamilton

leader of the federalists, established a national bank, mortaly wounded in a duel with aaron burr.

Andrew Jackson

common man, born in a log cabin changed politics, invaded Spanish Florida in 1818


also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland. It was also the bloodiest single day battle in American history with a union victory,

afterward Lincoln establishes the emancipation proclomation.

Appomattox court house

On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee (1807-70) surrendered his approximately 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-85) in the front parlor of Wilmer McLean’s home in Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively

Bear flag republic

The California Republic was a short-lived, unrecognized state that, for a few weeks in 1846, militarily controlled the area to the north of the San Francisco Bay in the present-day state of California(all you need to know).

Bill of Rights

the first ten amendments of the constitution. Defines the rights of citizens


an act or means of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving.

Brigham young

religious leader of mormon church. Led migration to Utah

California Gold Rush

tons of people moved to california to join in on the gold rush. This included Chinese immigrants.

long lasting effects on californias economy

Cash Crops

A cash crop is an agricultural crop which is grown for sale to return a profit.


Forced removal with trail of tears

Conestoga Wagons

The Conestoga wagon is a heavy, coveredwagon that was used extensively during the late eighteenth century and the nineteenth century in the United States and Canada. USED TO TRAVEL WEST

Confederate capital


cotton gin

The modern mechanical cotton gin was invented in the United States in 1793 by Eli Whitney (1765–1825) increased cotton processing

Customs duties

a tariff or tax imposed on goods when transported across international borders.

Davy crockett

Died at the alamo


mistrusted a strong central government

Dred Scott case

In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared that all blacks -- slaves as well as free -- were not and could never become citizens of the United States.DIVIDED NATION EVEN MORE


an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country.

fifteenth amendment

The 15th Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."

Fort sumter

First attack in the civil war

Forty Niners

The gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" (as a reference to 1849), traveled by sailing ship and covered wagon and often faced substantial hardships on the trip.

14th amendment

addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.

Francis cabot lowell

He was instrumental in bringing the Industrial Revolution to the United States. launched factory system

frederick douglass

african american social reformer

Freedmen's Bureau

The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War (1861-65).

Fugitive slave act

Required northerners to return southern slaves to their masters


The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civision of the North. Often referred to as the "High Water Mark of the Rebellion", Gettysburg wal War, the Union victory that ended General Robert E. Lee's second and most ambitious invas the Civil War's bloodiest battle and was also the inspiration for President Abraham Lincoln's immortal "Gettysburg Address".

Harriet beecher stowe

wrote uncle tom’s cabin

Harriet tubman

ed slaves through the underground railroad and had a large bounty on her head.

Henry clay

responsible for missouri compromise

Hiram revels

a minister in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, a Republican politician, and college administrator. Born free in North Carolina, he later lived and worked in Ohio, where he voted before the Civil War. african american senator

Horace Mann
introduced reforms that significantly altered public education

Indian removal act

forced the removal of many native americans

Industrial revolution

the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.

Irish immigrants

moved to the us because of the potato famine

John Adams

first vice president

John marshall

chief justice of supreme court established united states constitutional law

John Quincy Adams

James Monroe's secretary of state

John Wilkes Booth

killed abraham lincoln during a performance in a theatre

judicial review

the judicial branch's power to declare acts unconstitutional

Judiciary act of 1789

established u.s. federal jury

Judiciary act of 1801

reduced the size of the Supreme Court from six justices to five and eliminated the justices' circuit duties.


lawrence massacre

Ku Klux Klan

Aggressive secret society that punished blacks for voting and whites who supported the blacks.


an overwhelming electoral victory

Lewis and Clark

Went on an expedition to explore america’s new territory

Louisiana territory/purchase

A Massive purchase from France for about 1.5 million dollars.

Manifest destiny

Belief that the U.S. would keep expanding west.

missouri compromise

regulated slavery in the country's western territories.

monroe Doctrine

stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in North or South America would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention.


a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, a religion founded in the US in 1830 by Joseph Smith, Jr.

Most slaves worked as


mountain men

A mountain man is a male trapper and explorer who lives in the wilderness.

national republicans

political party in the United States. During the administration of John Quincy Adams (1825–1829), the president's supporters were referred to as Adams Men or Anti-Jackson.

North’s economy

based off of industry

Northern goal for civil war

reunite the union


a strong supporter of a party, cause, or person.


a document granting an inventor rights to their invention

peter cooper

built first american locomotive

poll tax

tax on voting so blacks couldn't vote

popular sovereignty

the authority of the government is created and sustained by the consent of its people, through their elected representatives


the period after the American civil war when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the union 1865-1877


confederate capital

Samuel Morse

developed morse code

Sedition act

extended the Espionage Act of 1917



Shermans march to the sea

His forces destroyed military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property and disrupted the Confederacy's economy and its transportation networks.

South disadvantages during civil war

no factories to make weapons

Souths economy

based off of agriculture

state department

sets and maintains foreign policies

states rights

the south’s main reason for fighting in the civil war


a group's refusal to work


the right to vote

Tarriff of 1816

the first tariff passed by Congress with an explicit function of protecting U.S. manufactured items from foreign competition.


abstinence from alcoholic drink.


most useful for supplying soldiers and horses for Confederate forces.

13th amendment

slavery and involuntary servitude are not permitted

trade unions

another term for labor union.

Trail of tears

a series of forced relocations of native americans.


a person who accepts these ideas not as religious beliefs but as a way of understanding life relationships.

Treasury Department

collects revenue

underground railroad

secret way to save wars that was provided by american abolitionists.

war department

responsible for maintaining armies

washington DC

us capitol

womens rights movement

time when women were protesting to get voting rights and other rights.