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19 Cards in this Set

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Who was known as the "caffeine of Europe"? What important document did he write and to what movement does it refer?

Filipo Tomasso Marinetti = Caffeine of Europe.




He wrote the "Manifesto of Futurism" and preached the virtues of a new world created by technology.

What influenced the artwork of the Futurist movement?

new visual technology - This technology was an important influence on their approach to showing movement in painting, encouraging an abstract art with rhythmic, pulsating qualities.

List 2 works by Umberto Boccioni.

The city Rises - Umberto Boccioni

The city Rises - Umberto Boccioni

Umberto - Unique forms of Continuity in Space

Name 2 works by Marcel Duchamp.

"Fountain"

"Fountain"

Marcel Duchamp - Nude descending a staircase

What does "DADA" mean? What did DAD manifestos call for?

It means to "aim to mean nothing".




DADA manifestos called for destruction of all values.

What did Duchamp's "Ready mades" assert?

A new right for artists -- anything an artists say is art is art.

When the DADA movement broke apart, what movement did those artists join?

They joined the movement of surrealism.


What does word "surrealism" mean? List 2 or 3 things that influenced the Surrealist movement.

Surrealism means = more real than reality




- Dreams


- Unconscious state of "voice"


- Fantasy


- sexual urges


- Expressing emotion

Who considered the "forerunner" of the Surrealist movement? Name 1 of his work.

Giorgio de Chirico was the the forerunner. 
"Mystery and Melancholy of a Street"

Giorgio de Chirico was the the forerunner.


"Mystery and Melancholy of a Street"

Who created object? (Le Dejeuner en fourrure)?

Meret Oppenheim

Who was considered the "Greatest master" of the surrealist style? List 2 of his works.

Salvador Dali was the "greatest master". 


Persistence of memory - Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali was the "greatest master".




Persistence of memory - Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali - Apparition of face and fruit dish on a beach

The artist in question 11 borrowed techniques from artists in what previous art movement?

Baroque masters.




Started in Holland & Spain

List 2 of Rene Margritte's works.

L'Empire des Lumières

L'Empire des Lumières

Rene Margritte - The Treachery of Images

What did Magritte want to make the viewer conscious of?

Magritte wanted the viewer conscious of limitations of signs, labeling, and language.

According to Magritte, when does "true freedom" exists?

True freedom can't exist until the fabric of normalcy is destroyed.