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56 Cards in this Set

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First camera, dark room w/ hole in the wall that allowed light to enter, projects image upside down
Camera obsucra
first to try and make images permanent, 1st photo in 1826,
pewter plate w/ chemicals, no paper used
Joseph Niepce
1837-who discovered a fixative and reduced exposure time
Louis Daguerre
tech. created by Louis Daguerre, light and dark displayed correctly
Daguerreotype
the actual photos, ex. Carriage photo
Calotype
creates multiples, water helps development process, creates negatives, uses a glass plate and must be developed immediately
Ex. WWII photo
Wet Plate photography
small photos, trade, calling cards, affordable
carte de visite
reverses values, dark becomes light
negatives
American Inventor, developed handheld camera, film, and color film, Invented Kodak camera
George Eastman
already had film, send entire camera to company and prints were mailed back
Kodak Camera
elevated photography to an art form, anyone can do it
Ex. Steerage (steamboat)
Alfred Stieglitz
photography that is not manipulated (cropped, cut, etc.)
pure or straight photography
pictures documenting historical events
Civil War was first situation
documentary photography (editorial photography)
negative briefly exposed to light changing its color and composition,
Invented by Man Ray
solarization
one movement captured in a continuum,
Ex. Dancers in mid air
stop motion photography
eye is constantly evaluating motion
short-range apparent motion
still images on a stand, Created by George Eastman
Celluloid Film
1st full motion film was by...
Thomas Edison
1st projector invented by...
Auguste and Louis Lumiere
Head artist
Director
guides viewer
cinematographer
long, full of people, historical moment or significant point
Epic Film
60 mins=
5-15 mins=
Feature length vs. Short Film
entire body in a photo
full shot
from the waist up
medium shot
shoulders up
close-up
face
extreme close up
camera is at a distance
long shot
camera moves horizontally
pan shot
camera actually moves or travels
traveling shot
split scenes
cross-cutting
creating film to what the artist wants
Editing
scenes that prelude time of film, Background info
flashback
Did pretty much everything for Citizen Kane
Orson Welles
authors, applied to directors w/ a distinct style
auteur
used suspenseful real life situations and camera movement
Alfred Hitchcock
bringing to life
animation
Wallace and Grommit, made from stop motion photography
Animated Film
drawings only, can be computer generated
Animated Cartoon
1st American to create animated film
John Stuart Blackton
made Gerte the Dinosaur, Little Nemo, background and character animation
Windsor McKay
creates characters and any other moving parts, Background does not need to be redrawn
Cels (short for celluloid)
Created Mickey Mouse
Ub Iwerks and Walt Disney
created story board, invented in 1931
Webb Smith
1st sketch designer at Disney, ideas for film
Albert Hurter
creates depth, invented by William Gerrady
multiplane camera
use of bold colors for story board
Mary Blair
1st to be in a contemporary setting, use of xerography
101 Dalmations
drawing transferred to cel, integrates background and character
xerograpy
1st for CGI, allows more 3D look, combination with hand drawn
Great Mouse Detective
Computer Generated Imagery
CGI
eliminates use of cells, hand drawing could be scanned into computer and digitally colored, enables complicated camera movement, infinite color palate, infinite planes
CAPS (computer assisted production system)
uses CAPS, CGI, and hand drawings
Beauty and the Beast
1st full length 3D animation
Toy Story
3D construction in real life or computer of every character or object
Modeling
brings an object into being, making texture, lighting, etc. look more real
rendering