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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How much of the world's population is malnourished, and who takes up most of that group?
Sixth of the world’s population is malnourished. A substantial amount of the malnourished people on this Earth are women and children.
What are the major causes of malnourishment?
Major causes of malnourishment include: poverty, the failure of food distribution systems, and cultural practices that favor men over women and children.
Define Fieldwork and give 1 example.
The study of geographic phenomena by visiting places and observing how people interact with and thereby change those places.

Example: If I was studying the variety of cultures of Africa's tribes, then I potentially would go do some field work in an African country inorder to learn more about my subject.
Define Time-Distance Decay. Give 1 example.
The declining degree of acceptance of an idea or innovation with increasing time and distance from its point of origin or source.

The number of phone calls made decreases with distance.

A few questions you may ask are: How far will pedestrians travel to access different types of destinations? How far will bicyclists travel in order to ride on a bicycle-only facility? How far do people drive for their common retail needs?

Distance decay theory predicts that demand will peak at some distance relatively close to a source market and then decline exponentially as distance increases

Distance decay is a geographical term which describes the effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions. The distance decay effect states that the interaction between two locales declines as the distance between them increases. Once the distance is outside of the two locales activity space their interactions begin to decrease.
Define Diffusion. What are the two types of diffusion?
The spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element (such as a technological innovation) or other phenomena (disease outbreak).

Relocation and Expansion.
Define Relocation Diffusion.
Sequential diffusion precess in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. The most common form of relocation involves the spreading of innovations by a migrating population.
Define Expansion Diffusion.
The spread of an innovation or an idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in an expanding area of dissemination.
Define Hierarchical Diffusion.
A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples.
Define Stimulus Diffusion.
A form of diffusion in which a cultural adaption is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place.
Define Contagious Diffusion.
The distance-controlled spreading of an idea, innovation, or some other item through a local population by contact from person to person- analogous to the communication of a contagious illness.
Define Cultural Landscape.
The visible imprint of of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants.
Define Cultural Complex.
A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Define Cultural Barrier.
Prevailing cultural attitude rendering certain innovations, ideas, or practices unacceptable or unadoptable in that particular culture.
Define Cultural Diffusion.
The expansion and adoption of a cultural element, from its place of origin to a wider area.
Define Cultural Hearth.
Heartland, source area, innovation center; place of origin of a major culture.
Define Cultural Trait.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
Define Location. Break it down into subs.
Why of Where-Absolute-Longitude and Latitude-GPS(reference map)-Relative-Mental Maps
Define Place.
Uniqueness of a location. Imagine Location and Place are a funnel. Location is at the larger end and Place is at the smaller one. Example: Location: New York City Place: NBA Store.
Define Sense of Place.
State of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
Define Perception of Place.
Belief or "understanding" about a place developed through books, movies, stories, or pictures.
Define Human Environment Interaction.
Reciprocal relationship between humans and the environment.
Define Movement.
The mobility of people, goods, ideas across the surface of the planet.
Define Region.
An area on the Earth's surface marked by a degree of formal, functional, or perceptual homogeneity of some phenomenon.
Define Functional Region.
A region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
Define Formal Region.
A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena.
Define Perceptual Region.
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.