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27 Cards in this Set

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Barron v. Baltimore
~The Bill of Rights only applies t othe federal government, not the state governments.
~Deals with CIVIL LIBERTIES.
Engle v. Vitale
~1st amendment/religion case
~requiring prayer in public schools is unconstitutional
New York Times v. Sullivan
~1st amendment
~if the press publicizes a falsehood with actual malice, then they are in trouble
~if the falsehood was an accident, the press is not in trouble
Roe v. Wade
~4th, 5th, and 9th amendments
~women have the right to an abortion during the first trimester
~changed the laws of 46 states
Gregory v. Chicago
~1st amendment, due process clause of the 14th amendment
~police must protect peaceful protestors, not the people who attack them
Miranda v. Arizona
~criminal defendants' rights and the due process clause of the 14th amendment
~police must inform people accused of a crime of their rights before interrogation, otherwise the interrogation cannot be used in court
~establishes procedural due process of law
Lemon v. Kurtzman
~1st amendment/religion
~the government cannot advance or inhibit a religion
~established the Lemon Test:
1. Is there a secular purpose?
2. Is a religion advanced or inhibited?
3. Is there excessive government entanglement with religion?
Gideon v. Wainwright
~criminal defendants' rights
~6th and 14th amendments
~everybody is entitled to an attorney even if they cannot afford one
Mapp v. Ohio
~police need a search warrant to go into somebody's house and collect evidence for a trial
~exclusionary rule - illegally obtained evidence is excluded from the court
Baker v. Carr
~equal protection clause
~"one man, one vote"
~the Supreme Court has the power to force a state legislature to redistrict itself
UC Regents v. Bakke
~government subsidized universities can use affirmative action as a tie breaker between candidates, but it cannot have racial quotas, which violate the equal protection clause
In Re Gault
~due process clase of the 14th amendment
~established procedural due process for juvenile courts
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
~equal protection clause
~"separate but equal" doctrine is not equal, violated the 14th amendment
~schools ordered to desegregate
Dred Scott v. Sanford
~slaves who escaped to free states are still slaves
~says the Missouri Compromise violated the equal protection clause
Plessy v. Ferguson
~established the "separate but equal" doctrine
Reed v. Reed
~equal protection clause
~sexual discrimination violates the equal protection clause
Gitlow v. New York
~free speech clause/civil rights
~starts selective incorporation
~1st amendment protections apply to the state governments as well as the national government
Bowers v. Hardwick
~equal protection clause
~upheld Georgia's laws banning homosexual relations
Griswold v. Connecticut
~abortion
~established privacy rights for married couples and the right to counsel on birth control
Schenck v. United States
~1st amendment
~clear and present danger voids 1st amendment protections
~advocating avoiding the draft during a war is not protected by the 1st amendment
Miller v. California
~established guidelines for determining of material is obscene
1. Does the material violate state obscenity laws?
2. Does it offend the average person?
3. Does it conform to local standards?
Texas v. Johnson
~1st amendment
~flag burning is symbolic speech and is protected by the 1st amendment
Tinkers v. Des Moines
~students wearing black armbands to protest the Vietnam War is symbolic speech protected by the 1st amendment
Everson v. The Board of Education
~students can get reimbursment for busing to school
~does not violate the establishment clause of the 1st amendment because busing is a purely secular activity
Abbington v. Schempp
~requiring Bible-reading in public schools violates the 1st and 14th amendments
Epperson v. Arkansas
~1st amendment's free speech and establishment clauses
~prohibiting a teacher from teaching evolution violates the 1st amendment
Shaw v. Reno
~racial gerrymandering violates the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment