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37 Cards in this Set

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conscription
the drafting of men to serve in the army
carpetbagger
Northerners who moved south after the war. Southerners claimed that they came with all of their possessions in a bag made of carpet material.
Political platform
a statement of the principles and policies of political party supports.
nullify
declare invalid
secession
the act of pulling out of the union.
blockade
to obstruct or block acess to something
tenant farming
a system of farming where farmers rented their land from the landowner, and were allowed to grow what ever crop the prefered.
provisional
temporary
antebellum
the time period between the revolutionary and civil wars.
freedmen
former slaves
suffrage
voting rights
abolitionists
people who wanted to do away with slavery
disfranchised
have your voting rights taken away
sectionalism
the belief by the people in a given region or area that their ideas and interests are better and more important than those of another region or area.
discrimination
unfair treatment of a person or group because of prejudice
reconstruction
a plan to rebuild the south and restore the southern states to the union as quickly and easily as possible
states' rights
the belief that the states interests should take precedence over the interests of the national government
share cropping
A system in which land owners give land, seed, and tools in return for part of the crops they raise
impeach
bring charges against a public official while that person is still in office.
scalawag
a term used to describe southerners who supported the republicans
slavery
system where people are treated as property
Dred Scott decision
US Supreme Court decision declaring that African Americans were not U.S. citizens
Underground Railroad
a network of people who helped slaves escape to the North
Uncle Tom’s Cabin
antislavery novel written by Harriott Beecher Stowe that showed Northerners the violent reality of slavery
Impending Crisis of the South
a novel by Hinton Helper that stated that slavery was a crutch and the South would be crippled until it ended slavery.
3/5’s Compromise
agreement stating that three of five slave will be counted as part of the states’ population for representation in Congress
emancipation
legally freeing slaves by a master
Antebellum
the time period before the Civil War
NC Manumission Society-organization
formed by Quakers to buy slaves and set them free
sectionalism
excessive concern for local interests and customs
Missouri Compromise
allowed slavery south of the 36’30’ parallel from the southern border of Missouri and forbade slavery north of that line
Compromise of 1850
agreement that allowed California to enter as a free state and reinforced the fugitive slave law
Kansas-Nebraska Act
law that allowed voters in the Kansas and Nebraska territories to choose whether to allow slavery.
Bleeding Kansas
nickname given to the civil war in the Kansas Territory over whether it should allow slavery
Fugitive Slave Act
law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves
Republican Party
a political party formed in 1854 mainly to oppose slavery
intolerance
unwillingness or refusal to tolerate or respect contrary opinions or beliefs, persons of different races or backgrounds, etc.