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22 Cards in this Set

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elixir-Liquid
drug that is dissolved in a solution of alcohol and water. sweetened and flavored and taken orally.
emulsion-Liquid
mixture of fats or oils in water.
liniment-Liquid

drug combined with oil, soap, alcohol or water. Are applied externally, using friction to produce a feeling of heat or warmth.



lotion-Liquid

an aqueous preparation that contains suspended ingredients. Used to treat external skin conditions and work to smooth, protect and moisten the skin and destroy harmful bacteria.

solution-Liquid

liquid preparation that contains one o more completely dissolved substances. The dissolved substance is known as the solute and the liquid in which it is dissolved is known as the solvent. Most drugs admin. by injection consist of solutions.
spirit-Liquid

drug combined with an alcoholic solution that is volatile(evaporates readily).
spray-Liquid

fine stream of medicated vapor, usually used to treat nose and throat conditions.

suspension-Liquid

drug that contains solid insoluble drug particles in a liquid; the preparation must be shaken before administration.
suspension aerosol-Liquid

pressurized form in which solid aerosol or liquid drug particles are suspended in a gas to be dispensed in a cloud or mist.

syrup-Liquid


drug dissolved in a solution of sugar, water and sometimes a flavoring to disguise an unpleasant taste.

tablet- Solid

powdered drug that has been pressed into a disc. Some are scored.
chewable tablet-Solid

powdered drug ha has been flavored and pressed into a disc. Are often used for antacids, childrens meds.
sublingual tablet-Solid

powdered drug pressed into a disc and designed to dissolve under the tongue, permitting rapid absorption into bloodstream

enteric-coated tablet-Solid

coated with a substance that prevents it from dissolving until it reaches the intestines. Coating protects from dissolving from gastric juices and also from irritating stomach lining. Not to be crushed or chewed.

capsule-Solid
drug contained in a gelatin capsule that is water soluble and functions to prevent patient from tasting drug.

sustained-release capsule-Solid

contains granules that dissolve at different rates to provide a gradual and continuous release to medication. Reduces the number of doses administered.
caplet-Solid

drug contained in an oblong tablet with a smooth coating to make swallowing easier
lozenge-Solid

drug contained in a candy-like base. Circular and designed to dissolve on the tongue.

cream-Solid

drug combined in a base generally non-greasy, resulting in a semisolid preparation. applied externally to skin.
ointment-Solid

oil base, resulting in a semisolid preparation. Applied externally to skin and usually greasy.

suppository-Solid

drug mixed with a firm base, designed to melt at body temperature. shaped into a cylinder or cone for easy insertion into a body cavity such as rectum or vagina.

transdermal patch-Solid

adhesive backing that contains a drug, applied to skin. drug enters circulation after absorbed into skin.