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19 Cards in this Set

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Definition of personality disorder

Extreme, inflexible, and maladaptive ways in which patients express traits.pts have problems with forming a stable positive sense of self and sustain close and constructive relationships

Paranoid

Cluster A. Distrust and suspiciousness of others

Schizoid

Cluster A. detachment from social relationships and restricted range of emotional expression

Schizotypal

cluster A. lack of capacity for close relationships, cognitive distortions, and eccentric behavior

Antisocial

cluster B. Disregard for and violation of the rights of others

Borderline

Cluster B. instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image and affect, as well as marked impulsivity

Histrionic

Cluster B. excessive emotionally and attention seeking

Narcissistic

Cluster B. grandiosity, need for admiration, and lack of empathy

Avoidant

Cluster C. social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, hypersensitivity to negative evaluation

Dependent

Cluster C. submissive behavior, fears of separation, and excessive need to be taken care of.

Obsessive compulsive

Cluster C. preoccupation with order, perfection, and control

List the three clusters within personality disorder diagnosis

*Cluster A - odd and eccentric


*cluster B - dramatic and erratic


*cluster C - anxious and fearful

List the changes made to the DSM-5 in regards to personality disorder diagnosis

*DSM-5 retained 3 cluster format *alternative DSM 5 model for personality disorders included in Appendix

list three diagnosis under the odd and eccentric cluster

Schizotypal, schizoid, paranoid. Similar to but less severe than schizophrenia

Schizotypal personality disorder

Unusual and eccentric thoughts and behaviors, interpersonal detachment, and suspiciousness odd beliefs of magical thinking, illusions, eccentric clothing and behavior flat affect

Dsm-5 criteria for schizotypal personality

Presence of five or more of the following in many context beginning in early adulthood ideals of reference magical thinking, unusual perceptions, peculiar patterns of thought and speech, suspiciousness or paranoia, inappropriate or restricted affect, are eccentric behavior or appearance, lack of close friends, illusions, anxiety around other people

Schizoid personality

Presence of four or more of the following signs of interpersonal detachment and restricted emotions from early adulthood lack of desire for close relationships, prefers solitude, little interest in sex, few or no pleasurable activities, lack of friends, indifference to praise or criticism, flat affect, emotional detachment

Paranoid personality disorder

Presence of four or more of the following signs of distrust and suspiciousness beginning in early adulthood pervasive and justifies suspiciousness, unwarranted doubts about the loyalty of friends and associates, reluctance to confide in others because of suspiciousness, tendency to read hidden meanings into benign actions of others, bears grudges for perceived roles, angry reactions to proceed to text, unwarranted suspiciousness of the fidelity of a partner

List the disorders under the umbrella of dramatic /erratic cluster

Antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic