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24 Cards in this Set

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Major Depression - DSM-IV
Depressed mood/irritability & Anhedonia for at least 2 weeks
At least three other symptoms nearly every day for at least 2 weeks
Loss of interest or pleasure
POSSIBLE Symptoms of depression - list
Weight loss/gain when not dieting
Increase/decrease in appetite
Psychomotor agitation or retardation
fatigue/loss of energy
feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
Decreased ability to concentrate
Recurrent thoughts of death & suicide
Major depressive disorder
Persistent sad or low mood that is severe enough to impair a person's interest in or ability to engage in normally enjoyable activities
A chronic state of depression ; same symptoms as major depression, but less severe
double depression
combination of episodic major depression superimposed on chronic low mood (dysthymia)
Dysthymia - DSM-IV
Overwhelming, chronic state of depression, with a depressed mood for at least 2 years, and at least two other symptoms lasting for at least two consecutive months (not suicicidal thoughts)
Manic Episode - DSM-IV
Period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood, lasting at least 1 week or requiring hospitalization, and having at least three other symptoms
POSSIBLE Symptoms of mania - list
Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
decreased need for sleep
FOI or subjective experience that thoughts are racing
Increased goal-directed activity
Increased risk-taking
Flight of Ideas. Found in manic episodes
Bipolar disorder
both episodic depressed mood and episodic mania
bipolar I
Full-blown mania alternates with episodes of major depression
bipolar II
hypomania alternates with episodes of major depression
mood elevation that is clearly abnormal, yet not severe enough to impair functioning or require hospitalization
mixed state
symptoms of mania and depression that occur at the same time
cyclothymic disorder
fluctuations in mood that alternate between hypomanic symptoms and depressive symptoms
Suicidal ideation
Thoughts of death
Passive suicidal ideation
A wish to be dead, but does not involve active planning about how to commit suicide
Active suicidal ideation
A wish to be dead, that includes details about how the shit might go down
Psychological autopsy
Interviews with friends & family, etc. in an attempt to identify psychological causes of suicide
Learned helplessnes
Externally uncontrollable environments and presumably internally uncontrollable environments are inescapable stimuli that can lead to depression. People become depressed as they feel they have no control (Seligman)
Lewisohn - re: Depression
suggested that any theory of depression must explain the many behavioral and cognitive changes that accompany the disorder
ECT - desc
Electroconvulsive therapy. Controlled delivery of electrical impulses which cause seizures in the brain and reduce depressed mood
ECT - side effects
Temporary amnesia
Some memory loss