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49 Cards in this Set

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1.4 - Admin tool > Computer Management

All admin tools generated in one place

>Control/ Admin Tools or cmd "mmc.exe"

Handly Starting point for

>Events, UAC, Storage Management, Services, and more!

1.4 Admin tool > Device Manager

- subgroup of computer management

Something that ties OS to hardware on PC

- Device Drivers specific for the running OS

- Drivers run on specific OS

Solution: Technical Support "update the drivers?"

Computer Management or devmgmt.msc

1.4 Admin tool > Local Users and Groups


- Administrator > Window's super user

- Guest > Limited Access

- Regular - user applies too all users


- Admin, User, Backup Operators > creating a group of users.

1.4 Admin Tool > Security Policy

Big companies = big security policies

>Managed through AD group policies

Standalone PC's not managed through AD

>Local policies needed

Not on Home editions > Only Professional/Pro, Ultimate, and Enterprise.

1.4 Admin Tool > Performance Monitor

Gather long-term stats on PC

- Control Panel/ Admin Tools

- Show OS metrics

Schedule alerts and automated actions

also, store data for analyzing w/ reports

1.4 Admin Tool > Services

Background Processes

- No User Interaction, finding files, anti-virus, networking, ETC

Useful when troubleshooting startup processes

Command-line control: -net start, net stop

Control Panel/Administrative Tools/ Services

- services.msc

1.4 Admin Tool > Task Scheduler

Schedule an application or batch file

- Plan your future

- includes predefined schedules > click and go

Organized thru folders w/ service

Control Panel/Admin tools/Task Scheduler

1.4 Admin Tool > Component Services

> For Application Developer

>Manage applications built in OS.

>Configs' for COM+ Apps.

>Designed for Enterprise

This interface has access to Device COM+, Event Viewer, and Services.

1.4 Admin Tool > ODBC Data Sources

ODBC Data sources or driver, create applications using this resource.

Doesn't matter to a normal user.

1.4Admin Tool > Print Management

Control Panel/ Admin Tools/ Print Management

- Management Printers

- Add and update drivers

1.4 - Windows Firewall

Integrated w/ OS

- Control Panel/Windows Firewall

- Advance Feature = Click advanced settings

1.4 Windows Firewall pt

- Rules, application, advanced settings, etc

Fundamental Firewall Rules

- Based on Apps "No Detailed Control"

- No Scape = No IP Address Range applies to all traffic

- No Connection security rules

-more controls > must use advanced settings

1.4 Window Firewall w/ Advanced Security

Set inbound, outbound, and connection security rules

- Set granular rules: program, ports, predefine services, custom.


-What's this?

System Configuration

-Manage boot process, startup, and services, etc. Great place to go to config bootup processes

1.4 MSCONFIG > General tab

Control startup process

- Normal, Diagnostic, Selective

N = Nothing to see, normal

D = Similar to safe mode

S = Decide what to load

1.4 MSCONFIG > Boot Tab

Control Boot Location

- multi-location and OS's

Advanced options

- number of processor, max memory, ETC

Boot options

- safe boot, remove the GUI, base video, log files, ETC.

1.4 MSCONFIG > Services Tab

Enable and Disable Windows Services

- Determine what starts during boot

Useful to manage Service applet

- Trial and error; may take many reboots to find your problem

1.4 MSCONFIG > Startup Tab

Manage which program starts with Windows login

- Easily to toggle

- Multiple reboots - you'll find it

- popular feature > moved to task manager in 8

1.4 MSCONFIG > Tools Tab

Access to popular Admin Tools

- Faster than searching the menus or typing

- Static (but comprehensive) list

1.4 Task Manager >Application Tabs

List user interactive app's in use

Administratively control apps

- Close, End, and New Task

Windows 8/8.1

- Combined w/ Process tab in 8.

1.4 Task Manager >Processes Tab

All running processes

- Interactive and system trap apps

- View services and apps from other accounts


- Apps, Processes, and Services in single Tab

- Easy to view and sort

1.4 Task Manager >Performance

What's happening in PC

- CPU, Memory, ETC

- Statistical Views

- Historical and real time


- Includes CPU, Memory, Disk, Bluetooth, and Network in Performance Tab

1.4 Task Manager > Networking

Not in Windows 7

- Integrated in 8/8.1

See Network Speed and ETC

1.4 Task Manager > Users Tab

Who's connected

- 7 = User list, disconnect, logoff, send message

- 8 = Separate Processess

- Performance Statistics

1.3 What is Disk Management > where is it under? where could you find this?

Disk Management is the management of disk within PC's.

Found under Computer Management.

1.4 Disk Management > Disk Status

Status and health of Disk

Status of PC

- Healthy = good

- Healthy (at risk) = experienced I/O error

Drive maybe failing

- Initializing = normal startup message

- Failed = Bad, damaged or file system corrupted

1.4 Disk Management > Failed RAID

Types of fails with different RAID

Failed Redundancy

- Drive failed = RAID 1 or 5


- Mirrored RAID 1 is synching data between drives


- RAID 5 recreating Data Based on the parity data

1.4 Disk Management > Mounting Drives

Extend available storage space

> Mount a separate storage device as a folder

>seemless to the user

Mount in an empty folder

>Instant storage space

1.4 Disk Management > Storage Spaces

Storage for data centers, cloud infrastructures

- Multi-Tiers, Admin control

Storage Pool

- Group storage drives, combine different storage into single pool

- easy to add or remove

Storage Space

- Once storage pool is setup, you can allocate virtual disk.

- Includes mirroring and parity w/ hot spare availability (Like extra spare if something fais)

1.4 - Migrate

-User information; why move it?

Sometimes no direct upgrade path to next OS

-Move from one physical computer to another

- Faster and Better

1.4 - Migrate > Windows Upgrade Advisor

Checks your upgrade compatibility

- Standalone "upgrade advisor" app

- Download directly from Windows

8/8.1 is called "Upgrade Assistant"

- Free download

1.4 - Migrate > Migration Methods

Side by side

- Two computers next to each other

- Move information through


-Erase old OS > Import into new OS

-Profiles copied to external devices (USB or etc)

8/8.1 - replies on OneDrive

-Cloud Sync files/No Network or Transfer Cable Option

1.4 - Migrate > Windows Easy Transfer

Allows you to migrate between all OS systems from one computer to another (physically).

>Useful when moving computers

>Not always direct install path

>Can install moving forward like 7 to 8. But not 8 to xp

Transfer all user data

>SUpports side by side and wipe and load

1.4 - Migrate > User State Migration Tool

Migrate from one windows' version to another.

>Includes Windows Automated Installation kit (AIK)

>Very scalable!

1.4 - Migrate > User State Migration Tool

Explain the steps

Two-step process

- Can be automated

-Use CMD (take advantage of this)

Scan State

- Complies and Stores migration Data

- Must run in elevated prompt

- 7, 8/8.1 = Local Administrator (XP)


- Loads Profile onto the destination computer

1.4 - Migrate > Easy Transfer vs Migration tool

Easy Transfer = moving physically

Migration = change in OS or software only.

1.4 System Utilities > The Run Line

The start application

- Typing manually in the search bar?

- Use the run/search or command prompt

1.4 System Utilities > CMD

AKA - The Command Line

- become familiar with this

1.4 System Utilities > REGEDIT

The Windows Registry

- Master database/Hierarchical structure

- All configuration/registry goes in here

- Backup your registry (always!)

- built into regetit

1.4 System Utilities > Services.msc

Control Panel/ Admin Tools / Services

- Control background App's

- Useful for TS during startup process

-disable or enable services

Important: determine dependencies of services on other services

1.4 System Utilities > MMC

Microsoft Management Console

- Build framework for management view

- use for many built-in management tools

1.4 System Utilities > MSTSC

Microsoft Terminal Services Client

- RD Connection

- Access PC on another PC

- Common for management

-"headless" servers

1.4 System Utilities > NOTEPAD

View/Edit text files

- You'll use a lot of text files

- On all windows OS

- Used to change content inside a file

1.4 System Utilities > Explorer

Windows Explorer

- File Management

- View/copy/launch files

- Easy to access network resources

1.4 System Utilities > MSINFO32

Windows System Infor

- Tells you everything about the hardware and software of a PC

Hardware Resources, Components, Software environment, ETC

1.4 System Utilities > DXDIAG

DirectX Diagnostic Tool

-TS multi-media devices

-3D Graphics, Audio, Input Options

- Nice diagnostic tool > not just testing

1.4 System Utilities > DEFRAG

Disk Defragmentation

-Improves read/write times

-Not needed for SSD

1.4 System Utilities > System Restore

Creates Restore Points

-Basically going back in time

F8 - Advanced Boot Options - Repairs

VISTA - All Programs/ Accessories / System Tools/ System Restore

7/8/8.1 - Control Panel/ Recovery

1.4 System Utilities > Windows Update

Keep your OS updated!

- Security Patches, Bug Fixes

- Automatic Install (recommended)