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33 Cards in this Set

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Buying on the margin

borrowing money from a broker to purchase stock. Margin trading allows you to buy more stock than you'd be able to normally.

Stock speculation

may offer the possibility of substantial returns to compensate for its higher risk profile. High reward high risk

Black Tuesday

Stock market crash

Cause and effect of stock market crash

1920s, there was a rapid growth in bank credit and loans result of various economic imbalances and structural failings.

Stock speculation

Cause and effect of the great depression

Overproduction,Laissez Faire policies that left the economy unregulatedFraud,Over speculation on the stock market,Decline in foreign trade. Unemployment 25-35%

Bonus Army

Ww1 veterans, their families, and affiliated groups who gathered in Washington, D.C. of 1932 to demand cash-payment redemption of their service certificates.

Dust bowl

" Dirty Thirties", was a period of severe dust storms that damaged the agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies in 1930s; drought and a failure to apply dryland farming methods to prevent wind erosion

Goals and effects of the New Deal

Get out of the depression, gain trust in the government and banks

Franklin Roosevelt fireside chats

evening radio addresses given by United States President Franklin D

Eleanor Roosevelt

First Lady, Franklin Roosevelt wife.


public work relief program for unemployed,unmarried men from relief families. young men ages 17–28.

Social Security Act

federal piece of legislation enacted as a result of the market crash of 1929


is a US gov. corporation operating as an independent agency created by the Banking Act of 1933


protect the public against fraudulent and manipulative practices in the securities markets.

Atlantic Charter

joint declaration released by U.S. Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister.meeting of the two heads of state in Newfoundland. The Atlantic Charter provided a broad statement of U.S. and British war aims

D Day

Normandy landings—initiating the Western Allied effort to liberate mainland Europe from Nazi occupation during World War II

Ww2 effects

, at home rationing

Four freedoms

the freedom of speech and expression, the freedom to worship God in his own way, freedom from want and freedom from fear



keeping the affairs of other countries at a distance.

Japanese American internment

Roosevelt Order the mass incarceration of over 110,000 Japanese Americans during World War II. 2/3 were American citizens.

Lend Lease act

the Lend-Lease Act was the principal means for providing U.S. military aid to foreign nations during World War II

Manhattan Project

project that produced the first atomic bombs during World War II

Overall strategy for Ww2

Air warfare

Pearl Harbor

surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in Hawaii, December 7, 1941.

Strategy for the war in the Pacific

Island hopping

Berlin Airlift

end of ww2, U.S., British, and Soviet military forces divided and occupied Germany


military strategy stop the expansion of an enemy. Cold War policy of the US and its allies to prevent the spread of communism

Desegregation of the military

Mixed military's black and white, Truman.

GI bill

law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans

House an American Activities Committee

Suspection of unloyal citizens, communist

Korean War

Conflict in communist and non-communist, resulted in dividing Korea

Marshall Plan

aid Europe, in which the United States gave 13 billion in economic support. After ww2


campaign against communist Senator Joseph McCarthy. 1950–54. Many accused were blacklisted or lost their jobs, although most wernt Communist Party.