Youth Transition Paper

2323 Words 10 Pages
Youth Transition Paper

Section 1: Introduction
The transition into adulthood is a complex process in which young adults begin to sever their dependency on their parents and take definitive steps towards achieving measures of emotional, financial and residential independence. During thus time, they may begin taking on a more adult role as a parent, spouse, citizen and worker. While a linear model has been traditionally used to describe this type of transition, Wyn & Dwyer (1999) note that more evidence suggests that the life experience and future prospects of younger generations are more complex and less predictable than those of their predecessors- thus making the linear model inappropriate for the changed economic and social
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Life-course theorists such as Elder (1998) and Giele (2002) note that ‘turning points’ are central feature of the life-course. They reflect the effective exercise of agency in both creating and responding to new opportunities (Heinz 1999 in Bynner 2005).
While youth has historically been associated with a time of ‘storm and stress’, identity crisis and conflict, Furlong & Kelly (2005) suggest that youth can be seen in terms of transition, and that transition is imagined as “signifying movement from somewhere, to somewhere else: from…a more or less stable stage of life called childhood, to another more or less stable stage called adulthood” (208). This process of transition is also being increasingly prolonged, extended and becoming riskier with subsequent generations; it is effectively described as “a period in the lifecourse (sic) whose shape, boundaries and nature are subject to the shifting priorities of different institutions and political, economic and cultural processes” (Furlong & Kelly 2005: 208). This transition from youth to adulthood is said to be progressively more difficult for younger generations, and as te Riele (2004) notes this transitional phase also describes the move from school to work (244). Bynner (2005) argues that the idea of ‘emerging adulthood’ is useful in drawing attention to the impact of technological transformations and globalization on youth transitions as there is an increasing

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