By the 1950s, psychiatric medicine’s capability to resolve mental imbalances captivated the public and intrigued intellectuals as “Miracle drugs” extended the human control over the mind. Today, medications are still being used to treat mental issues in patients all over the world and the use of these medications is dramatically increasing. This could be an effect of a more refined field of study, that being psychiatry, in which one can more efficiently determine mental illness in a patient. On the other hand, it could be an effect of the over treatment and over-diagnosis of patients who simply have problems adapting to the environment around them.
The diagnosing of mental disorders in America is moderated through the Diagnostic and
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There is, although, an array of environmental factors that can lead to the same symptoms: abusive or violent parents or trauma caused by a wide range of personal and circumstantial situations. Never the less, the DSM-V insists that such cases are the result of mental disorder. The DSM-V promotes mental diagnosis to resolve a patient’s dilemma using expensive medications as opposed to expanding a patient’s personal and unique issues to resolve the dilemma without the use of medication. So what has caused the priorities of the APA to shift to profit over the patient’s wellbeing?
Psychological therapy and psychological drugs took their initial run with the public during the first half of the 1900s. At first, the field thrived and had gained almost immediate respect from the general public. Consumers were easily dazzled by new and exciting advancements in science and the medications seemed to be resolving mental issues in patients. By the late 1950s however, words of uncertainty toward psychiatric therapy and medication were emerging. A large contributor of skepticism was provided by Thomas Szasz, a psychiatrist from the State University of New York. His book, The Myth of Mental Illness, published in 1961, deterred the idea of psychiatric disorders as medical problems and suggested they were simply reactions to the state of one’s environment. Szasz basically believed that using medications to