Italian Fascism became an extremely important phenomenon under the reign of Benito Mussolini during the Second World War. With a run of 22 years, Fascism and its creator became the focal point of Europe during this time. Many Italian citizens, as well as critics believed that Fascism could be a third option, or the in between of Capitalism and Communism, two ideals that Mussolini refused to accept. With the Allies landing on the shores of Italy in their advance to Fascist capital, Mussolini fought for his ideals while the Allies aimed to liberate the country and the citizens who did not follow Mussolini’s government. Why did Italy change from a fascist government to a new government in the siege of Italy during WWII between 1943-45? Italy
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With the bombing of Rome comes the armistice that Walter Bedell Smith recalls in his own memoirs of the raid on Italy, and his own involvement in the armistice that ultimately ends Italy’s involvement with the Axis Powers, thus ending Fascism in Italy. Benito Mussolini attained his goals within the Italian government through pessimism, the deception of Italian supporters, and pure coercion. Mussolini took advantage of the newly established liberal democracy and its developmental issues involving the economy more specifically, and the doubt that the citizens held for any liberation from poverty. With all of this, came his rise to dictatorship and the development of a fascist government in 1919 that encompassed a violent, structureless play on patriotism and a negative view on all other governmental structures such as Marxism and liberalism. What most people consider Italian Fascism quickly became known as “Mussolinism”. Mussolini even managed to gain the support of Pope Pius XII with the promise of mandating religious instruction within the schools, and the promise to reinstate the crucifix throughout schools and courts.
He continued to promise the Italians, who were ultimately fed up with the poverty, that he would create a new Roman Empire that would bring them success. Communism would also be expelled from Italy under his