Le Corbusier was serious when he suggested that a “truly modern street will be as well equipped as a factory. In this street, the best equipped model is the most thoroughly automised with no people except for those operating machines. In the city of the future, cafes and places of recreation [public space] will no longer be the fungus that eats up the pavements of [the city] the macadam will belong to the traffic alone” (See Figure 1). This comment seems drastic, though as the modern world develops into a society that is more introverted and private, these spaces of public display and freedom, one day may turn into those envisioned. Throughout history, public space has formed the backdrop to public life, accessible for all, for both
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The squares and streets of cities have historically been closely tied to markets and commerce but worrying trends of serving business instead of community are emerging. The evidential decline of public space is only evident when compared to what public spaces all over history. It is only then when slow depreciation and close approximation to a “truly modern city” is noted.
Different cultures and places in history have displayed different means of emphasis on public space and their fundamental balance between public and private life. Ancient Greece and Rome have the earliest documentations and existing forms that show how dynamic a public space in a city could be (Perrem 2011). The earliest public spaces were formulated to support the needs of its citizens like trading and sacred celebrations and rituals (Slessor 2011). Ancient Greece created the Agora (See Figure 2). The Agora was a part of the first spaces that were of major importance to urban landscape (Perrem, 2001). The world Agora drives from the world “ageiro” meaning gather (Michaud, 2007). Public space in this time was adored, with housing conditions in the ancient city, for the majority of the people, were awfully underprivileged (Perrem, 2011). The spaces created a life that was grouped