Essay on The Social Contract Theory: Hobbes, Locke & Rousseau

1284 Words 6 Pages
The Social Contract is an attempt to explain the reason why individuals agree to form organized governments. The idea that a person is willing to abandon the freedoms previously enjoyed under the State of Nature in which no government interfered with their pursuits, are believed to correspond to the individual’s attempt to protect what is on their best interest. Under this condition, moral and political obligations are dependent upon a contract or agreement among the people to form the society in which they live. Philosophers who advocated the Social Contract Theory believed that because individuals existed before the government did, governments arose exclusively to meet and satisfy the social and economic needs of the public. Men …show more content…
Since a sovereign is endowed with the authority and power to punish offenders of the contract, and given the brutish conditions under the state of nature; men will have good self-interested reasons to adjust to the new laws, morality and justice rather than being able to act as they please. In this way society becomes possible because now there is superior and more powerful person who can force men to cooperate; whereas in the State of Nature there was no power able to control them all. While living under the authority of a Sovereign can be unforgiving it is at least better than living in the State of Nature. Because it doesn’t matter how much we complain about poor management of the state’ dealings and/or regulations imposed to us. There are no excuses for resisting power because it is the only thing between us and what we most want to avoid, the State of Nature. John Locke had a different approach as to the kind of place the State of Nature is, and consequently his argument concerning the Social Contract and the relationship between men and authority varies. According to Locke, the State of Nature is the natural condition of mankind. In it men have perfect and complete liberty to conduct their life as they best determine, free from the interference of others. However, this doesn’t mean that men are free to do anything they please,

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