The realism era is one of the most over looked time frames for literature during the last 5 centuries. In the mid 1800s through the mid 1900s some of the most famous authors and novels arose. During the realist era, literature took a turn, around 1820 the romantic era changed, and the progress of this new era began. Realism was different from the romantic era because realism narrates the literary works through an objective, unbiased perspective (Realism 654). In fact the narrator is not a character in the story rather an invisible presence that remains outside of the realm of the story (Rahn). These authors and poets of the realist era were masters of psychological characterization (Rahn). They tried to accurately represent contemporary
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Religion, philosophy and morality have been common themes for past eras; one might not apply those three themes as the main themes of this particular era. Extramarital affairs are a new theme really brought up during this era (Realism 662). Novels usually focus on several sets of families or couples, and they explore various social and psychological factors contributing to the quality of domestic life during the 1800s (662).
All around the world, realism became alive. There were thousands of writers during this time, but some of the most important are from Russia, England, United States and France. From Russia, we have Ivan Turgenev, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Leo Tolstoy making large impacts on this literary movement (654). Yet, of the three of them, Leo Tolstoy is one of the most influential authors of this time. His novels, Detstvo (1852) based on his childhood and Smert Ivana Ilicha (1886; The Death of Ivan Ilych) are his lesser known novels, but they each extend the religious ideas which Tolstoy tried to communicate in his works (657). Voinimir (1869; War and Peace) and Anna Karenina are his most famous pieces of literature. Anna Karenina is known to be one of the best novel representing the realist era, Tolstoy describes three Russian families during the late 19th century. Tolstoy wanted to express his philosophical values of life is lived through honest work, stable family, and domestic situation (657). This novel is about Anna Karenina