Essay on The Maccabean Revolution

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The Maccabean Revolution

Between the books of Malachi and Matthew, the Maccabees fought for the rights and freedom of the Jewish nation. At that time the Jews were under massive oppression by the Seleucid rulers. One in particular was Antiochus, he tormented the Jews in the hope of Hellenizing them, and to top it off he used their own religious beliefs against them in massive slaughter and humiliation. The Maccabees however, against all odds, freed the nation of Judah, and successfully regained their rights. This is the Maccabean revolution. It all began in 166 BC when Antiochus, the king of the Seleucids sent out an order for pigs to be sacrificed on the altars of the Jewish temples. This disgraced the beliefs of the Jews, because
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The early attacks of the Maccabean revolt were against small patrols. The Seleucids eventually took notice of the rebels in the hills, and sent General Appollonius with 2,000 men and a small cavalry unit to put down the group of bandits. Judas, not to be out done, attacked Appollonius with only 800 men, and through superior leadership, Judas defeated and killed Appollonius.
As soon as this startling news reached the officials, they were startled. However, because king Antiochus was away at war with the Parthians, his commander Seron was given command of a squad of 4,000 infantry and a small cavalry to put down the rebellion. This time Judas was outnumbered four to one. But once again being a bold commander, Judas Maccabee attacked at Beth Huron. Defeating the army, and killing Seron, the rebellion was beginning to take momentum in Judah, and was being acknowledged as a serious threat in the capital.
Lysias was the regent who was ruling in place of Antiochus, and when this news reached him, he sent three generals, 40,000 infantry, and 7,000 cavalry. They marched down the coast and made camp. At the same time, Judas made his camp at Mizpeh in the hills with his 6,000 men. The three generals split their army, and tried attacking at night, but Judas learned of the move, and left camp with the fires burning. As the surprised Seleucids entered the camp, Judas made his way to their camp

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