The History of Stalingrad Essay
“Stalingrad is the scene of the costliest and most stubborn battle in this war. The battle fought there to its desperate finish may turn out to be among the decisive battles in the long history of war…In the scale of its intensity, its destructiveness, and its horror, Stalingrad has no parallel. It engaged the full strength of the two biggest armies in Europe and could fit into no lesser framework than that of a life-and death conflict which encompasses the earth”
New York Times, February 4, 1943
The battle fought between the Soviet Red Army and the Nazi Wehrmacht over the “city of Stalin” for four long months in the fall and winter of 1942-3 stands as not only the most important battle of the Eastern …show more content…
The problem for Hitler, Halder, and the rest of the Wehrmacht was that the Red Army was not quite finished. In spite of their hideous losses, the Russians were still there, still resisting fiercely. Additionally, America, with its enormous industrial capacity and wealth of natural resources, had just had entered the war. What the Germans needed was a way to simultaneously weaken, if not destroy, the Red Army’s capacity to wage war while assuring themselves the resources necessary to carry on a protracted struggle against the Western Allies. A strike towards Stalingrad and the Caucasus seemed to offer an opportunity to achieve both of these goals.
First and foremost, southern Russia is an area fabulously rich in resources, especially oil and grain. For the Germans, capturing this area would mean depriving the Russians of fuel for their