The Effects of the Berlin Conference on Africa Essay

2044 Words 9 Pages
The Berlin Conference of 1884 peacefully divided Africa between world leaders. The conference, also known as the Congo Conference, looked at Africa as a great source of wealth in many areas to be shared among the participating countries. The division that took place at no time had at interest the people of Africa. By the time Africa regained its freedom in the 1950’s most areas had developed severe political and racial division. The result of this turbulence and division is the occurrence of such violent civil wars and genocides in African countries such as Rwanda. The Berlin Conference was started in 1884 by German Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck and lasted through February of 1885. It was designed to assist the European countries in …show more content…
They thought it an obvious choice for the Conference attendees to obtain their own part of Africa as it would provide them access to important resources in all areas that would enhance their living. The conference was attended by 14 countries which included; Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Great Britain, Russia, Spain, Turkey, United States of America, and Sweden-Norway, however, no African was present to represent the interest of their country. The countries had experienced much bloodshed and loss during the past 400 years due to the capturing of slaves from Africa. They did not want to repeat this while dividing the African territory and negotiating trade agreements of its natural materials, so they designed this conference to avoid it. “ The initial purpose of the meeting was to guarantee free trade and navigation in the Congo, while the lower Niger River and its basins would be considered neutral and open to trade” (Korieh 1). The Europeans entered into Africa thinking that they would not affect the native Africans, promising to do their best for their country as well as the African people. “All the powers exercising sovereign rights or influence in the aforesaid

Related Documents