During the late 18th century, both France and the British colonies in America experienced wars the opened the eyes of nations. The French Revolution and American Revolution drastically changed political thinking. In the French Revolution, monarchism was abandoned and political power was given to the people until the country became out of control, and a military dictatorship was necessary to regain control of France. In the American Revolution, a new nation was formed as the British colonies tore themselves away from the English monarchy. In the end, both France and the new United States of America moved away from absolute rule by a king or queen and wanted to put the political power in the hands of their people. However, there are
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France’s government also became bankrupt. Starting with King Louis XIV, the monarchy was spending too much without taking in enough money. The money problems finally caught up to France with King Louis XVI and his queen Marie Antoinette. The monarchy lived a lavish lifestyle and did not care about the amount of money that was spent frivolously. Lastly, Enlightenment thinkers influenced the ideas of the people to overthrow the king. Writers like Locke, Rousseau, and Voltaire urged people to question what was always accepted as truth, to question old ideas, and urged people to become active in their government. Consequently, the common people of France wanted a place in their government. Commoners were tired of being dirt poor citizens, while everyone else in France lived a lifestyle of luxury without a care in the world about the lower class citizens.
Unlike the French Revolution, the American Revolution had only one main cause. The British government wanted control of the colonies without giving the colonies representation in parliament. While England was in complete control of the colonies, the colonies did not have any representation in the way they were governed, which caused the colonies to feel oppressed by their government. The English colonies were used to Enlightenment thinking such as having the right to participate in government and having the natural