Essay on Pluralism as a Theory of Presentation

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Pluralism as a Theory of Presentation Pluralism is a structuralist theory. It is the situation within the state or social organisations in which power is shared among a number of groups and organisations. This is a key characteristic of liberal democratic political systems in which power can be openly competed for rather than being concentrated in the hands of a small group of people who constitute a ruling elite.

Some pluralist theorists emphasise the importance that pressure groups have in liberal democratic political systems. These are viewed as a key mechanism through which public opinion can influence the decision making process. A pluralist society is one in which
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Interest groups pursue their goals in many areas. They don't fight the election battles but they do choose sides. Interest groups are policy specialists and political parties are policy generalists.

Politics is mainly a competition amongst groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies. Many centers of power and many diverse, competing groups. These groups provide the key link between the people and the government. No group becomes too dominant and if a group is weak in one resource it can rely on another resource.

The state is seen as separate from this competition of interests between various groups and that government is the authoritative power to act as the arbiter

A large body of evidence from studies such as those of Dahl in the USA and Hewitt, Grant and Marsh in Britain appears to support the classical pluralist position. However there are a number of criticisms of pluralism. These criticisms are concerned both with the methods pluralists use to measure power, and empirical evidence which seems to contradict their claim that power is dispersed in western democracies

Max Weber defined power as 'the chance for man or a number of men to realise their own will in a communal action even against the resistance of others who are participating in the action".

Power consists of the relationship between two parties in which one has the

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