Essay about Palestinian Israeli Conflict

1375 Words 6 Pages
Part I: Palestinian/ Israeli Conflict History

Jews and Arabs had mutual tolerance for each other until Theodor Herzl started the modern Zionism movement ("History 10 Handout" page 1-5). Zionism is the belief that Jews should have their own homeland, and in 1917 the British decided to back Zionism with The Balfour Declaration (Mattar et al. 380-382). After the Balfour Declaration the Jewish people started massive immigration to Palestine and the Arabs living in Palestine strongly objected to this Jewish immigration. A big part of why the British decided to back the Jews were that all the Jewish people had to suffer through the years of terror that the Holocaust brought. They needed a place to go and their old Holy land seemed like
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This law stated that any one that was Jewish could come back to Israel and be granted instant citizenship. In 1956 Egypt and Israel went to war again over the Suez Canal. Israel easily defeated the Arabs and took control of the Sinai until the UN peace keeping troops came in shortly after the war. The Egyptian president Nasser and the Israelis were in favor of withdrawing the UN troops as soon as possible ("History 10 Handout" page 5-9). Egypt’s basic objective was the destruction of Israel. With this in mind, a new Arab organization was created, The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) led by Yassir Arafat. The PLO was created in 1964 during a meeting known as the Palestinian Congress in an effort to give a voice to the large number of Palestinians living in refugee camps in Lebanon. ("History 10 Handout" page 5-9)
In 1967 Israel launched a preemptive attack on the Egyptians which launched the six day war. Israel first took out the Egyptian’s Air Force and then when Egypt was invading with tanks Israel picked them off easily. This was a humiliating defeat for the Egyptians but, the Arabs still decided to push on for the right to Palestinian statehood.
Later attacks on Israel consisted of holding Israeli Olympic athletes hostage at the 1972 Olympics and the Yom Kippur War, which Israel won ("History 10 Handout" page 5-9).
Even though these countries had peace in the beginning

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