Organ Transplant and Donation Essay

1471 Words 6 Pages
The human body; it starts off as a single cell, and grows into a complex machine made of seventy eight distinct organs, two hundred and six bones, and millions of nerves that all communicate with each other to regulate body processes and keep the machine alive and healthy. This seemingly perfect system undergoes countless attacks every day, and manages to recover from most, although occasionally, it can not. Diseases such as Cystic Fibrosis and Coronary Artery Disease, or abnormalities and defects such as biliary atresia, can all disrupt the function of human organs (“Transplant Australia”, n.d ). Thankfully, through radical advancements in modern medicine, organ transplants are a safe and highly viable option to restore the human body’s …show more content…
Neurological death is confirmed through many small physical tests such as a gag reflex test, a pupil dilation test and an apnea test (verifying that the patient cannot breathe on their own). It is also confirmed through an electroencephalogram (EEG), which measure brain voltage, and a cerebral blood flow (CBF) examination, which uses mildly radioactive isotopes in the blood stream to track the blood flow into the brain, or a computerized axial tomography (CAT) scan. Only one out of every 800 neurological deaths results in the donation of organs (Olson, 2002). Once the donation of organs has occurred, the process of matching the organ to a recipient begins. The factors that determine a patients eligibility to receive an organ transplant include age, severity of their condition, how long they have been on the list, their body size, distance from the donor, and blood and tissue type (“Donation and Transplantation: How does it work?”,2013). In order for an organ to be compatible with the recipient, the blood and tissue type both must match. If they do not match, rejection becomes highly likely (Stiller, 1990 p.7). The immune system is responsible for protecting the human body against all outside threats. It is programmed to know what belongs in the body, and to attack what is not supposed to be there, including transplanted organs. The immune system is

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