John Lennard’s Depiction in the 18th-Century Press and in the Eyes of the English Public

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After the execution took place at Tyburn, Lennard was listed with multiple “malefactors” (Middlesex Journal or Universal Evening Post, Column 1) that had been executed the same morning. The specific term “malefactor” (Middlesex Journal or Universal Evening Post, Column 1) used in the newspaper articles is defined by dictionary.com as: “a person who violates the law or a person who does harm or evil, especially toward another”. In the newspapers no crime was depicted to the public as being worse and the prisoners were given a death sentence for many different crimes such as rape, counterfeit bank notes, robbing people, burglary and highway robbing. The term “malefactor” (Middlesex Journal or Universal Evening Post, Column 1) clumped all of the criminals together making them all look like severe criminals whether they had committed rape or burglary.

Not only did the newspapers use specific words to make people think about criminals in a certain way, but they also appealed to the reader’s emotions. The newspapers told the public how the criminals acted the morning of the execution as well as how they acted just before they were about to be hung. One newspaper stated that: “Their behaviour was extremely decent and devout” (Lloyd’s Evening Post, Column 2) and that Lennard along with another criminal that was about to be hung: “appeared greatly affected at their
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