Essay about Issues Regading the Rohingya Ethnic in Myanmar

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BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Nowadays, there are too many conflicts or issues that related to problems of the ethnics in some countries in the world. Many years ago the world was served with racial issues that occur in Africa which is the ‘Apartheid’ issues. Fortunately, this issue have been solved peacefully. However, these racial conflict still happened years after around the world and some of them are still cannot be solved yet. One of the issues is regarding the Rohingya ethnic in Myanmar.
Before we proceed about the reasons or causes that brought to this ethnic issue and how the human security respond to this issue, let we introduce who is Rohingya first. According to (Chan, 2005), “The people who call themselves Rohingyas are the Muslims
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They believe that the Rohingyas are the foreigner that comes to Arakan which is now known as Rakhine from Bangladesh. Based on (Nemoto, n.d), that was cited in (Yegar, 2002, p.55-56), “In the end of April 1978, Ziaur Rahman, the President of Bangladesh, criticized the Burmese government for the inhuman removal of Burmese Muslims from their country, but the Burmese government insisted continuously that those who were expelled were Bangladesh citizens who had illegally entered Burma”. Because of the rejection of their own country, the Rohingyan ethnic has moves to the countries nearby to seek refuge especially in Bangladesh. At the beginning, the Bangladesh government allowed them to live in the camp that is built near the Myanmar’s border but, after that, the Bangladesh government began to exclude this ethnic in their country. This explanation was given by (Parnini et al, 2013), which is “Bangladesh has reluctantly allowed Rohingyas to live in camps near the border with Myanmar, and denied them government help. This is because Bangladeshi authorities feared that the influx of Rohingyas would exacerbate problems in a country already facing chronic poverty and high population density. Moreover, Bangladesh does not recognize many undocumented Rohingyas as refugees since it is not a signatory to the 1951

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