Intervention Dementia Essay

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Critique 2 Intervention Dementia
The objective of this study (Eloniemi-Sulkava et al., 2009) was to analyze if a program of care based on multiple components, such as peer support groups, exercise education and comprehensive geriatric assessment among others could delay the need for institutionalization of patients with dementia and prolong their care in the community. At the same time, the authors investigate if the impact that this program will have in the use and cost of social and healthcare service utilized by the studied patients compared with the usual care. The writers do not explicitly indicate the direction that the relationship between the intervention and the outcomes although we may infer that they expect a benefit from the
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A total of one hundred and ninety seven couples were screened for participation, leading to a definitive sample of one hundred and twenty five (n=125). The authors believed that a geriatrician and a family care coordinator (FCC) could only provide support for a maximum of sixty patients. They estimated that a number of sixty patients would, given a power of 0.8 and a false negative or error type 1, produce results similar to those of previous studies.
Two different sampling methods were utilized. The first one is simple random sampling. The authors randomly selected the couples from the registered users of drugs for Alzheimer’s disease in the Social Insurance Institution of Finland. The other technique was placing an announcement in newspapers and let interested persons to contact the researching team, making it a volunteer sampling method. This is a Convenience Sampling method because the participants have to come forward and identify themselves as suitable candidates (Polit & Tatano, 2012).
The independent variable is categorical or nominal, having or not the treatment or intervention studied. There can only be two options which are mutually exclusive. The dependent variables are the length of time to hospitalization (staying at home) and the usage of healthcare and social services. The latter is divided in many different sub-variables including visits from

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