Impact Enlightenment had on French Revolution Essay

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The Enlightenment, an intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries, had far-reaching effects on the political makeup of Europe and the New World. One of the most notable effects, occurred when the French people, inspired by the Enlightenment, fought for the notions of equality, liberty, and fraternity. The French sought to cease the corrupt aristocracy of controlled government and institute one that championed individual freedoms and the ideals of the Enlightenment. The French Revolution aspired to and achieved a government and society based on ideals of the Enlightenment.

To cease the corrupt aristocracy of controlled government, Locke’s writings and ideas were introduced. Locke wrote, that the government was not perfect. He
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(Document #1; John Locke – Second Treatise on Government)

Montesquieu, another Enlightenment philosopher, created an ideal where there were three separate branches of government; Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. This separated certain beliefs in things, and helped separate a lot of the chaos. Montesquieu believed in equal rights for everyone, and also wrote about the government regularly. Montesque’s constitution of the French Revolution with limited monarchy and legislature was all based on the Enlightenment ideals. (Document #1; (Montesquieu – the Spirit of Laws)

During the times of the French Revolution, the people tried to start a government that championed individual freedoms. This must have been a struggle, but the people worked hard for what they believed. Rousseau was the man who wrote. “The Social Contract” striving to find equality and happiness. He wanted to protect everyone’s natural laws, and individual rights. Rousseau wanted to “find a form of association that would defend and protect the common force and goods of each associate.” To the social contract, the slightest modifications could change everything.

For every person, if they lost any rights they were meant to have, each person would regain their original rights, and resume their natural

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