Eugenics: America's Dark Past and Future Essays

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The idea of a blonde-haired, blue-eyed race is often credited to Adolf Hitler. The not as well-known part is that this idea was around before Hitler and actually was spread to Germany by eugenics scientists in the United States. In this paper we will look into the full history of eugenics and how the idea was spread across the world. Along the journey we will encounter many major donors that may be of surprise to some of us. Eugenics has been a dark presence in the history of America and will continue to be until real strides are made to end racism.
Francis Galton and the Beginning of Eugenics
To start our discussion, we must define what eugenics is exactly so we can have a better understanding of all facts discussed. Francis Galton,
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This ideal would be the basis for American eugenics, which will be examined closer later on.
Galton prided himself in the fact that he greatly looked up to his cousin, pronouncing to the Royal Society in 1886 that “I valued his (Darwin) encouragement and approbation more perhaps that that of the whole world besides.” The reason Galton prescribed brilliance to Darwin’s work was the fact that it gave us “freedom from theological bondage”. Galton used Darwin’s theories of evolution and natural selection to say “we should attempt to exert control over organic evolution in the same way as we exert control over the physical world and to direct it into channels of our own choosing.” This of course meaning, that he believed that we should be able to alter the future so we can better the human race as a whole.
Though Galton did seem to agree with most of Darwin’s theories, he had a slightly different view on the nature of mechanism of inheritance. He accepted the theory on the basis of skin color when parents of mixed races produced a child with a skin color variant between the two, but also believed in particulate inheritance for things such as eye color where the child developed one color or the other instead of having a mixture of the two. Darwin also believed in much of the theories of Galton, but mainly differed on some of the eugenics ideas that Galton had put forward. Darwin mainly disagreed because of the fact that not many people would actually fit into the guidelines

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