Essay on DavidHume's Theory of Causation and Scepticism

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Why according to Hume, must Humans inability to fully understand Cause and Effect in the world result in scepticism? Explain Kant’s position on the problem.

Through the process of this essay, I will attempt to explain the reasoning behind Hume’s theory of causation and scepticism. I will then describe the thought of Kant on the topic.
The reason that Hume believes that human’s inability to understand causation must result in scepticism can be seen through the following claim.

“Upon the whole, there appears not, throughout all nature, any one instance of connection which is conceivable by us. All events seem entirely loose and separate. One event follows another; but we never can observe any tie between them. They seemed conjoined, but
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This quite simply is the Problem of Causation- that until we know 'what exists' and the 'necessary connections' between these things that exist, then it is impossible for Humanity to have certainty of knowledge.
     This leads us to the second section of Hume’s claim, which states that, because this causal necessity cannot be perceived by us, we have no reason to believe that such a thing exists. This can be seen as the ‘Problem of Induction’. If we do not know the a priori cause of events, then we simply are left with no Principles from which we can logically deduce any conclusions. What we are left with is simply the observation that one event follows another. These events seem connected, but we do not have knowledge of how or why. Therefore, we must depend upon repeated observation or Induction as a means of determining the Laws of Nature and hence we are left with just the bare assumption, without any reason, that the future will be just as the past was. It can be seen as simply the human instinct to presume that the events that have occurred in the past, in everyday life will again manifest themselves in the same way in the future. Hume believes that this experience that we hold should not be substituted for the notion of a necessary causality, as we cannot, through our sense perceptions, prove that the same events

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