Comparing The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Book of Job Essay

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Centuries ago, two books were written with similar and different ideas. The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Book of Job have different settings although they both discuss friendship, death and mortality, pain and suffering, and characters, but individually the book of Job examines where human beings stand in the world.

The Epic of Gilgameshis thought to have been orally recited in the late third millennium B.C.E in Sumer. Gilgameshis a semi historical, two- thirds god and one-third man, ruler of the city of Uruk in Sumer in the region of Mesopotamia approximately in 2800 B.C.E (19). The book of job takes place in Uz around the 530’s B.C.E (34).

The Epic of Gilgamesh and the book of job both have similar and different characters. They both
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This shows how Enkidu and Gilgamesh went on excursions together conquering and bonding. When Job is suffering from “maligent ulcers from the sole of his foot to the top of his head” his friends Eliphaz, Bildad, and zophar come to offer their sympathy to him (“From the Hebrew” 35; Job 2. 8). They know how much he has lost already and how much physical pain he is in that they stay with him for seven days and seven nights in silence.

The most prevalent theme in the Epic of Gilgamesh and the book of job is death and morality. Both job and Gilgamesh are troubled with the thought of what will happen to them after they die. In chapter three job says, “For soon I shall be lying in the dust, you will look for me and I shall be no more” (36; Job 3. 21). This shows that job believes that when he dies his existence will completely end. Chapter 14 is mainly job complaining and questioning what will happen when he dies. He compares a plants morality to humans. According to Job, a plant lives a beautiful life then dies and goes back into the earth to help create new life, but when humans die they vanish “But a human being? He dies, and dead he remains, breathes his last, and then where is he?” (From the “Epic” 21; 23-25). Gilgamesh was the type of king that frightened his people; he was courageous, and beautiful. When his best friend Enkidu died, he was torn apart at the idea that his friend was gone forever,

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